Corruption in education

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  • Publicado : 3 de noviembre de 2011
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INDEX

CORRUPTION IN EDUCATION

1. Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………3-7
Definition
Examples of educational corruption (All Around the World)
Causes and consequences (general view)
2. Main example – Iran…………………………………………………………………………………………8
3. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………
4. Sources

Introduction
Transparency is a quality that many countrieslack of; Corruption plays an important role breaking this subject. Corruption can be defined as the abuse of power by a public official for private gain. Corruption involves a breach of public trust, taking advantage of position by federal, state, or local officials and accomplices in the private sector. Private sector plays an important role in fighting corruption worldwide. The private sector is alink with economic wealth that with a good performance can create economic opportunities for society, building a prosperous path that can access to a prosperous future. But is an important matter to talk about how corruption can be enrolled in all sectors including education. Because education is such an important public good, and a determinant of a countries evolution and development we shouldanalyze corruption in education and underline its causes and effects on the population. This essay will discuss a brief definition and some worldwide cases of corruption in education matters, as well as a main example that explains the specific situation on the country Iran.
Corruption in Education
Education sector one of the most important aspects on a countries economy budget, unfortunatelycorrupt practices are numerous on this area. It’s hard to believe the involvement of corruption in education, for that reason educational authorities and donors should pay more attention to this sector. According to The World Bank the cost of corruption measured in a worldwide view is about 1 trillion dollars (1 billion per year). But the amount, reasons and types of corruption vary widely fromcountry to country. The World Bank has also concluded with some investigations that countries with more industrialization somehow are less corrupt than developing economies. Educational corruption has a long term damage effect into the country’s social, economic, and political future. Some of the long term effects can be the inequality of opportunities into the low income part of countries, the effecton children’s beliefs on effort and success, changed for manipulation, favoritism and bribery.
Some ideas for reducing this kind of corruption might be that the government should work to increase accountability in educational system; the civil service needs rules that are based on merit, with responsibility basis. Another problem in educational corruption is teachers wages so there must be a lawwhich states an equitable payment for them, and finally civil rights and moral values must be imposed in all schools.

Examples of Educational Corruption
In the next examples its observed how Educational Corruption is a major obstacle in the achievement of the second Millennium Development Goal, which is to increase, improve and enhance primary school education for all the world’s children by2015. Corruption in education can appear in a lot of ways such as, bribing the teachers to get sure the child gets a good grade, teachers giving bribes to public officials or principals for them to be in a better position or get a promotion, make a fraud with the funds that are for teaching materials or to build a school, favoritisms, teachers who never get to class, or selling information for theexams. These are some general examples of how corruption is affecting the scholar sector, the incoming examples are specific cases taken from a study called Corruption in Education: A Global Legal Challenge written by Vincent R. Johnson.
Educational Corruption Around the World
In China children are supposed to attend schools closest to their homes, but parents can put their children in...
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