Countable and uncountable

Solo disponible en BuenasTareas
  • Páginas : 9 (2152 palabras )
  • Descarga(s) : 0
  • Publicado : 26 de noviembre de 2010
Leer documento completo
Vista previa del texto
Countable Nouns
Countable nouns are easy to recognize. They are things that we can count. For example: "pen". We can count pens. We can have one, two, three or more pens. Here are some more countable nouns:
* dog, cat, animal, man, person
* bottle, box, litre
* coin, note, dollar
* cup, plate, fork
* table, chair, suitcase, bag
Countable nouns can be singular or plural:* My dog is playing.
* My dogs are hungry.
We can use the indefinite article a/an with countable nouns:
* A dog is an animal.
When a countable noun is singular, we must use a word like a/the/my/this with it:
* I want an orange. (not I want orange.)
* Where is my bottle? (not Where is bottle?)
When a countable noun is plural, we can use it alone:
* I like oranges.* Bottles can break.
We can use some and any with countable nouns:
* I've got some dollars.
* Have you got any pens?
We can use a few and many with countable nouns:
* I've got a few dollars.
* I haven't got many pens.

Sustantivos contables
Countable nouns are easy to recognize. sustantivos contables son fáciles de reconocer. They are things that we can count. Son cosas quepodemos contar. For example: "pen". Por ejemplo: "la pluma". We can count pens. Podemos contar con plumas. We can have one, two, three or more pens. Podemos tener uno, dos, tres o más plumas. Here are some more countable nouns: Éstos son algunos de los nombres más contables:
* dog, cat, animal, man, person perro, gato, animal, hombre, persona
* bottle, box, litre botella, caja, un litro* coin, note, dollar moneda, tenga en cuenta, el dólar
* cup, plate, fork taza, plato, tenedor
* table, chair, suitcase, bag mesa, silla, maleta, bolso
Countable nouns can be singular or plural: sustantivos contables puede ser singular o plural:
* My dog is playing. Mi perro está jugando.
* My dogs are hungry. Mis perros tienen hambre.
We can use the indefinitearticle a/an with countable nouns: Podemos utilizar el artículo indefinido a / an con nombres contables:
* A dog is an animal. Un perro es un animal.
When a countable noun is singular, we must use a word like a/the/my/this with it: Cuando un sustantivo contable es singular, debemos utilizar una palabra como una / la / mis / esto con él:
* I want an orange. Quiero una naranja. ( not I wantorange.) (No quiero naranja.)
* Where is my bottle? ¿Dónde está mi botella? ( not Where is bottle?) (No ¿Dónde está la botella?)
When a countable noun is plural, we can use it alone: Cuando un sustantivo contable es plural, podemos usarlo solo:
* I like oranges. Me gustan las naranjas.
* Bottles can break. Las botellas se pueden romper.
We can use some and any with countablenouns: Podemos usar algunos y ninguna con nombres contables:
* I've got some dollars. Tengo algunos dólares.
* Have you got any pens? ¿Tiene plumas?
We can use a few and many with countable nouns: Podemos usar unos pocos y muchos de ellos con nombres contables:
* I've got a few dollars. Tengo unos cuantos dólares.
* I haven't got many pens. No tengo muchas plumas.
"People" iscountable. "La gente" es contable. "People" is the plural of "person". "La gente" es el plural de "persona". We can count people: Podemos contar a las personas:
* There is one person here. Hay una persona aquí.
* There are three people here. Hay tres personas aquí.

Uncountable Nouns
Uncountable nouns are substances, concepts etc that we cannot divide into separate elements. We cannot"count" them. For example, we cannot count "milk". We can count "bottles of milk" or "litres of milk", but we cannot count "milk" itself. Here are some more uncountable nouns:
* music, art, love, happiness
* advice, information, news
* furniture, luggage
* rice, sugar, butter, water
* electricity, gas, power
* money, currency
We usually treat uncountable nouns as...
tracking img