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Jose Doroteo Arango Arambula, [4] better known by his pen name Francisco Villa or hypocoristic of it, Pancho Villa. It was one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution, [5] which was decisive military action to defeat the regime of then President Victoriano Huerta. [5] A native of Durango state [3] (unknown if it was Rio Grande [6 ] or San Juan del Rio [3]), was born on June 5,1878 [1] and was killed in an ambush in Hidalgo del Parral (Chihuahua) on 20 July 1923. [2] During the Revolution it was known as "El Centauro del Norte".

Commander of the Northern Division, [8] was leader of the northern state of Chihuahua, which, given its size, mineral wealth and proximity to the United States of America, he provided extensive resources. Villa was provisional governor ofChihuahua in 1913 and 1914. Although you are not accepted in the pantheon of national heroes ", but even 20 years after his death, his memory is honored today by Mexican Americans and people around the world. [9] In addition, numerous streets and neighborhoods Mexico and other countries have been named in his honor.

Villa and his followers, known as Pancho Villa, seized the lands of farmers fordistribution to peasants and soldiers. He took trains and, as several Revolutionary generals, printed fiat money used to pay for their cause.

The dominance of northern Mexico Villa broke in 1915, [10] through a series of defeats suffered in Celaya and Agua Prieta in the hands of Alvaro Obregon and Plutarco Elias Calles. After the attack on Villa to Columbus in 1915, General John J. Pershing triedunsuccessfully to capture Villa for a year. As the popular run in memory of tacit victory over former Villa, a little later, the commander of U.S. troops in the First World War

In Columbus burn and grab / it comes for Pershing / Tiger squirrel gets / and you can not encontrar... / Mi General Pancho Villa, I come to sing ...
Villa retired in 1920 and was given a large estate that he became a"military colony" for former soldiers. In 1923 he decided to get involved in Mexican politics and as a result was murdered, probably by orders of Obregon.

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President of the Republic. Born in psyche, Navojoa ranch in Sonora. He did his primary studies in Huatabampo and Alamos. He then worked in a flour milland the ingenuity of Navolato, Sinaloa.
Elementary school teacher for a short time, his main activity was farming on his farm he called "La Quinta Chilla. In late 1911 he was elected mayor of Huatabampo, in 1912 organized a group of 300 men who fought the Orozquismo, was conferred the rank of lieutenant colonel, won the battle of San Joaquin and was promoted to colonel. In 1913, when Maderodied, he was appointed military commander in Hermosillo.


When Huerta was unknown Sonoran authorities he was appointed head of the War Section of the Secretariat of Government, launched a successful campaign: Nogales took on March 13, yielded 26 of the Cananea and Naco taken shortly after, on 13 May won the battle of Santa Rosa and was promoted to brigadier general shortly after brigadeGuaymas besieged unsuccessfully continued his march south.


In politics, Sonora, was in favor of and against the governor Streets Maytorena, in 1914. At the beginning of the difficulties between Villa and Carranza, was decided constitucionalista.Inició the march south as North's army chief, won the battle of Guadalajara Orendain and occupied.


In August of that year met with Villa andMaytorena in Nogales, Sonora to normalize the political situation of that entity. Tension increased between Villa and Carranza, Obregón went to Chihuahua to counter Villa, but was about to be executed by it.


Attended as a delegate to the Convention of Aguascalientes. Named commander in chief in Veracruz, Venustiano Carranza, starts another stage victory, defeating Villa in the area of...
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