Columbus Day is one of America´s oldest holidays. It was first celebrated on October 12, 1792, in New York; city, three hundred years after Columbus´s voyage; eversince then it has been celebrated on the second Monday of October.
Columbus Day celebrates the beginning of cultural exchange between America and Europe.
Today many Americans celebrate ColumbusDay with colorful parades, big floats dedicated to Columbus and marching bands. There are multicultural floats too and people from different nationalities participate in the parade.
Columbus Dayalso commemorates the arrival to America of more than 5 million Italians a century ago. Columbus Day is the only day on which the nation recognizes the heritage of an estimated 26 million ItalianAmericans
Christopher Columbus, nicknamed “the Great Admiral” was an Italian explorer, born in Genoa (Italy) in 1451. At this time Genoa was a very important commercial port. From very early age,Christopher had always been fascinated by the sea. He went to sea as a young boy and spent most of his life at sea.
Many people at this time believed the world was flat, but Columbus was sure that the worldwas round so going to India, China and Japan by sailing west instead of sailing east was possible!
Columbus was determined to prove his idea (a west route to Asia was possible and shorter!). He askeda lot of people for support, including the kings of Portugal, England and France, but he got no help. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain were very interested and decided to help him.
In1492 Columbus set sail from the port of Palos (Spain) with three ships (the Pinta, The Niña and The Santa María) and a crew of ninety courageous men.
The voyage was long and difficult but the threeships arrived at the island of San Salvador in the Bahamas on 12 October 1492. Columbus claimed these new lands for Spain. When Columbus returned to Spain he told the King and the Queen about the new...