Its name is derived from Mayan words: ¨ ¨ chi (mouth) ¨ ¨ che'en (well), ¨ ¨ Itz (sorcerer or wizard) and ¨ a ¨ (water), by combining the words it spellsthe mouth the well of the water mages. It is one of the major archaeological sites of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico located in the municipality of Tinum in the stateof Yucatan. Chichen Itza was founded around the year 525 d. c., by Chanes de Bacalar (later called Itza) and later even Cocom.
On July 7, 2007, was recognized as one ofthe new 7 wonders of the modern world, recognition of millions of voters around the world.
It is in these steps and particularly in its parapets orbalustrades, which projects over the course of the day equinox, the shadows of the edges of the platforms or overlapping bases that make up the large building, configuringand body image of the snake god, that the passing of the hours seem to move down and finishing off in that head stone at the base of the steps below.
Projectingnorthward over the Gulf of Mexico is the Yucatan Peninsula, the site where, from the fourth century to the sixteenth of the Christian era, flourished the most brilliantcivilization of the New World.
"... The territory inhabited by the Mayans, APPLICABLE TO THE YUCATAN MEXICO, Campeche, Quintana Roo, part of Tabasco, Chiapas PART OF,THE REPUBLICS OF BELIZE AND GUATEMALA AND PORTIONS OF HONDURAS AND EL SALVADOR ..."
The region where Mayan civilization developed covers an approximate total of325,000 square kilometers, roughly equivalent to the territory they occupy together the four Central American republics of El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica.