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Historical
The article 8 of the league´s covenant gave the League the task of reducing "armaments to the lowest point consistent with national safety and the enforcement by common action ofinternational obligations". This organization waste a lot of time with this article because many governments were uncertain about it, because they fear and enemy attack. The French were reluctant to reducetheir armaments without a guarantee of military help if they were attacked, Poland and Czechoslovakia felt vulnerable to attack from the west and wanted the League's response to aggression against itsmembers to be strengthened before they disarmed.
This was the reason of a lot of problems betwwen countries and the league of nations.
League of nations create the Disarmament Commission thatobtained initial agreement from France, Italy, Japan, and Britain to limit the size of their navies. But at the end failed to halt the military build-up by Germany, Italy and Japan during the 1930s.Actual
Today there are approximately 23,000 nuclear weapons in the world (mainly US and Russian); many of them are installed on missiles that can be launched within a few minutes. Some tactical weaponsare placed on other countries´ territories, such as the U.S. B-61 deployed in five NATO countries: Belgium (20 bombs at Kleine Brogel Air Base), Germany (20 bombs at Büchel Air Base), Italy (50 bombsat Aviano Air Base), the Netherlands (20 bombs at Volkel Air Base), and Turkey (90 bombs at Incirlik Air Base).
Between 2005 and 2007 250 cases of theft, loss and illegal trafficking of radioactivematerial (some weapons-grade) were reported to the International Atomic Energy Agency, creating a strong suspicion that in the near future it could be used by terrorist groups.
The United States spentmore than $52 billion in nuclear weapons and related programs in fiscal year 2008 but only 10 percent was spent on preventing attacks and reducing proliferation of nuclear weapons and nuclear...
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