Cultural values in western art- art evaluation

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Marianette Mendez
Professor Luz Sorraya Marcano, MFA
AD: Cultural Values in Western Art
Modulo 6: 20

III .Pre- test Painting before World War I

With the passing of the years events are influencing art. Above, basically, the painter knew what he had to show and what everyone was expecting. After 1900 the artist began, rather, to paint what he wanted, expressing their feelings andreactions to the events that were surrounding. Artist was freer in his technique, and no longer had to convince the church or the state to excel with his paintings. In my opinion after the Protestant Reformation, the need of artists began to change. And little by little the artist is more focused, at his own discretion. We cannot forget that art will always be a mirror of the artist. During World War 1,art ceases to be an imitation of nature or a literal representation. During the beginning of the modern era we can highlight several new trends in art. Among these: expressionism, abstract and Fantasy. Expressionism was very marked by the pessimism that prevailed between the wars, which led them to represent the fear, horror and ugliness in many of his works. Expressionism in my opinion is theexternalization of feelings, not seeking any beauty or aesthetic value. Works showed the stress of the artist about the world around them. The abstract is focused more on the structure of reality and fantasy to the world of the imagination.
Erich Heckel
Lying girls 1909

Edvard Munch, The Dead Mother, 1899-1900, oil on canvas, 39 3/8 x 35 3/8 inches. Kunsthalle, Bremen
unch's mother died oftuberculosis when he was five years old., he lost his mother when five years old, in 1868, being present, together with his sister Sophie -one year older than he - at her death caused by tuberculosis. The artist evokes the experience of the death of his mother in the room. The girl, probably her sister, she covers her ears as if trying to escape reality of Frightened, staring and fear. The way,in which the painter represents the girl, we could say that the image speaks for itself. Colors: a combination of brightly colored and grayish colors. Behind the girl's mother is dead, lying on a bed. The pain of losing a mother, the disorientation of a child at such a young age in front of this situation, and the coldness of death and the pain of loss, a number of feelings that the artist managesto express right through the work.
C.Exercise I
Picasso’s Abstract art
In Abstracts Art does not imitate or directly represent external reality, the artist is not based on reality, as if the issue cannot be decoded. It is based on the idea that the color and shape have their own artistic value.
Guarnica

Technically, Guernica has something of cubism painter reduce natural forms togeometric shapes but also uses the expression in the extreme gestures of the characters. They are the gestures of pain, fear and despair. It shows or wants to represent the horrors of war. On April 26, 1937 the Basque town of Guernica was the subject of a cruel bombing by German aircraft, which resulted in many innocent victims and material damage. Pablo Picasso's painting reflects the feelings of theartists in response to these events.
The painting depicts people, animals and buildings in the chaos and confusion on the war produced. The faces though, abstract, manage to convey the reality of their feelings. The color is sad and dark as the coldness of the war. Picasso manages to express so different and innovative pain of war.
Exercise II
Painting between wars

Max Ernst (1891-1976).1920.T his painting by Max Ernst is in the public domain in the United States because it was first published before 1923.
The art between the wars was nothing organized in their development. When describing art between the two world wars, we can't put a single title on the era. It was a time that consisted of so many different movements and styles. The artists are directed to respond to their own...
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