The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between participatory management (PM) and organizational commitment (OC) as multi dimensional phenomena among female government high schools in Mashhad, Iran. The authors examined fifteen components of PM andnine components of OC simultaneously. Data for the study was obtained from a sample of 903 female teachers. Methodologically this study is descriptive and co relational type. The reliability of questionnaire with Cronbach's coefficient alpha was 0.97. The results show that a positive correlation exists between PM and OC. Multi-variable regression was used for determining the effects components PMon OC. In addition the result of ANOVA show there were a significant differences for PM and OC with regards to Teacher's Demography. Findings of the study can be used to improve organizational performance. PM is a tool that has tremendous potential in educational organization for increasing the OC.
Decentralization policy in education, with school councils being involved in theadministration and management of schools, is one of the trends taking place in the world today. Nowadays, because of the increasing development, school organizations in Iran face the urgent need for PM because schools in Iran need to employ the best resources and efforts by advocating to creative thinking and innovative ideas of teachers, parents, and the community. Performing this policy requiresthe school managers to believe in the benefits of PM. So, the fulfillment of this policy requires a shift in the attitudes towards participation style in schools and revising the roles of teachers, students and parents in the process of managing schools. At the present time, the condition of affairs has changed into a situation in which having efficient, energetic and creative staff employees andcommitted teachers are considered the most important organizational effectiveness. And, commitment is a good indicator to show the degree of the efficiency of the organization (Schein, 1970). Furthermore, the function of the employees often surprises the mangers and makes them hesitant in employing PM methods. This is because some employees perform their duties in a high level of responsibilityand commitment and are devoted to the improved performance of their duties and are committed to their organizations while some others have low efficiency, performs their duties at the routine level and show no interest and commitment to the organization. As it is inevitable that the managers should try to improve the individual and organizational skills of their employees and attempt at raisingtheir abilities to the desirable level, therefore; relationship between PM and the OC of the employees in school is very important.
Research on Participatory Management.
Researchers have found that PM may positively impact job satisfaction, perceived organizational support, organizational citizenship behaviour, labour-management relations and job performance Positive work outcomes. According toSomech PM is a complex concept that consists of several dependent yet distinct dimensions. This research attempts to define PM as multidimensional approach contains fifteen components as follow:
Trust: PM enhancing the levels of trust. (2) Decision making: PM is a process where subordinates share significant degree of decision-making power with their immediate superiors. (3)Team work: In PM, teamwork provides a structure for assembling teachers with diverse backgrounds, perspectives, disciplines, and expertise needed for these tasks. (4) Share power: PM is a process in which influence is shared among individuals who are otherwise hierarchically unequal. (5) Motivation: participative approaches to decision making mainly out of pragmatic motives to achieve valued organizational results....