* Data recovery
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Data recovery is the process of salvaging data from damaged, failed, corrupted, or inaccessible secondary storage media when it cannot beaccessed normally. Often the data are being salvaged from storage media such as hard disk drives, storage tapes, CDs, DVDs, RAID, and other electronics. Recovery may be required due to physical damage tothe storage device or logical damage to the file system that prevents it from being mounted by the host operating system.
* Computer forensics
Computer forensics (sometimes known as computerforensic science) is a branch of digital forensic science pertaining to legal evidence found in computers and digital storage media. The goal of computer forensics is to examine digital media in aforensically sound manner with the aim of identifying, preserving, recovering, analyzing and presenting facts and opinions about the information.
Although it is most often associated with the investigationof a wide variety of computer crime, computer forensics may also be used in civil proceedings. The discipline involves similar techniques and principles to data recovery, but with additionalguidelines and practices designed to create a legal audit trail.
Evidence from computer forensics investigations is usually subjected to the same guidelines and practices of other digital evidence. It hasbeen used in a number of high profile cases and is becoming widely accepted as reliable within US and European court systems.
In the early 1980s personal computers became more accessibleto consumers leading to their increased use in criminal activity (for example, to help commit fraud). At the same time, several new "computer crimes" were recognized (such as hacking). The disciplineof computer forensics emerged during this time as a method to recover and investigate digital evidence for use in court. Today it is used to investigate a wide variety of crime, including child...
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