ROOTS AND INFLUENCES - SPANISH CULTURE HAS ITS roots on the influences that different peoples have left after visiting the peninsula over the centuries. Besides the history, geography and the presence of the Mediterranean Sea have contributed significantly in shaping contemporary culture.
Although there is a cultural heritagecommon to all the Spanish, the marked individuality of its regions has led to many cultural events throughout the country. These demonstrations have been reflected in all fields: art, traditions, literature, languages and dialects, music, gastronomy, etc..
LANGUAGES IN SPAIN - THE SPANISH IS OR CASTILIAN language by most of the Spanish, but not all do as a mother tongue. In fact, there are othermajor regional languages: primarily the Catalan spoken in Valencia, Balearic Islands, Catalonia, to a lesser proportion in the Carche in Murcia and eastern part of Aragon (outside Spain is spoken in Andorra (official) in the Pyrenees Orientales department of France (unofficial) and in the city of Alghero in Sardinia (unofficial)), Euskera, spoken in the Basque and Galician (Galician: galego),spoken in Galicia, closely related with the Portuguese.
Euskera is considered a language isolate, because its origin is unknown and more ancient than the Romance languages. Also called Basque or Basque. The rest of the languages spoken in Spain derived from Latin.They are classified as Romance languages:
* Castilian or Spanish
* Catalan / Valencian / Balea
* Leonese orBable
* Aranese (variant of Occitan)
Castilian is official throughout the Spanish territory, and now are recognized as co-official languages in their respective territories: Euskera in the Basque Country and Navarre, Catalan in the Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia (Valencia officially) and Galician in Galicia. The Spaniard is not official in Asturias but enjoys specialprotection according to its statute of autonomy. Alternative mirandesa is official in Portugal.
In recent decades, local authorities are showing interest in n do enhance the learning and use of minority languages, which can have a majority use in rural settings.
Some of these languages, especially the Catalan and Basque, have a well-developed publishing industry, which produces newspapersand other periodicals.
Other languages are endangered, as the number of active speakers is shrinking drastically. The Aragon is one example.
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Regionalism - a strong sense of territorial identity exists in many regions. Mainly, the Basque Country, Galicia and Catalonia have been communities that historically have preserved their cultural and politicalidentity. To a lesser extent others such as Andalusia, Asturias and Navarra have also contributed to the nationalist sentiment.
Multiculturalism is present in other regions of the country with demonstrations of their own which, although not depart from a general trend identified as something singular: Cantabria, La Rioja, Valencia, Aragon and Extremadura.
Since ancient times there has been tensionbetween centralism and regionalism. Currently, the political-administrative regions after the 1978 Constitution, has been a consensus to preserve the unity of the country, according to an organization in an attenuated form of de facto federal monarchy.
INFLUENCE OF CLIMATE AND GEOGRAPHY - natural features that comprise Spain have helped to shape the culture. In the north, the mountainous...