Education and Training: College, medical school, and specialty training
Salary: Median—$193,870 per year
LEVEL 1 Intern
EARNINGS $25,000 to $35,000 a year
REQUIREMENTS •Undergraduate degree
• Medical degree
RESPONSIBILITIES Treatment of hospital inpatients for 1 year.
LEVEL 2 Dermatology Resident
EARNINGS $35,000 to $40,000 a year
REQUIREMENTS • Completionof internship
• Admission into a dermatology resident program
RESPONSIBILITIES Treatment of hospital inpatients; management of interns for 2 to 3 years.
LEVEL 3 Attending or PracticingDermatologist
EARNINGS $100,000 to $250,000 a year
REQUIREMENTS • Experience as a resident
• Additional training
• Completion of dermatology specialist exams
RESPONSIBILITIES Diagnosis andtreatment of patients with a variety of dermatological problems.
Employment Outlook: Excellent
Definition and Nature of the Work
Dermatologists are physicians who diagnose and treat conditions anddiseases of the skin, hair, and nails, such as fungal infections, acne (pimples), birth-marks, skin cancer, eczema (itching, scaling skin), warts, and psoriasis (red patches of skin covered with whitescales). The dermatologist first examines the affected area and then may take blood samples, skin scrapings, or tissue samples. The dermatologist usually examines the samples under a microscope oranalyzes them using chemical and biological tests. Once the diagnosis is made, the dermatologist treats conditions and diseases using various methods, including medication, surgery, and radiotherapy.Dermatologists also perform cosmetic procedures on the skin. Some dermatologists may treat scars using methods such as dermabrasion, in which superficial layers of the skin are removed. Others may treatwrinkles using botox injections or other injectible preparations. They may also use laser therapy to remove age spots, treat visible veins, and reduce skin discolorations.
Education and Training...