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ARTICULO CIENTIFICO ESPECIACION
DEL CHIMPANCE



ELABORADO POR: JUAN MANUEL IZQUIERDO


COLEGIO LICEO DE CERVANTES EL RETIRO

DEPARTAMENTO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES

MATERIA: CIENCIAS

CURSO: NOVENO B

BOGOTA, MAYO DE 2011

ARTICULO CIENTIFICOESPECIACION
DEL CHIMPANCE



ELABORADO POR: JUAN MANUEL IZQUIERDO


PRESENTADO A: MARLENY FUENTES

COLEGIO LICEO DE CERVANTES EL RETIRO

DEPARTAMENTO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES

MATERIA: CIENCIAS

CURSO: NOVENO B

BOGOTA, MAYO DE 2011

Índice1. Introducción

2. Desarrollo del articulo especiación del chimpancé

3. Conclusiones

4. Bibliografía

INTRODUCCION

1. El chimpancé es la especie mas cercana en términos genéticos a los humanos pero a la vez es curioso ver como en términos de apariencia no hay un gran parentesco pero en términos de comportamientos hay casi unaigualdad.
2. Lo que busca este trabajo es aprender e indagar sobre la especiación del chimpancé: Que factores produjeron ese cambio genético para convertirlos en animales de tal capacidad y que fenómeno produjo la separación de las 2 especies ( Pan ) ( Homos ) y una evolución selección
3. Los Linajes mas complejos necesitan remontarse al origen de la vida para lograr un proceso de especiacióndetallado y describir verdaderamente el cambio que sufrieron varias especies para lograr llegar a las especies actuales que a la vez siguen en cambio

DESARROLLO

Pan troglodydes, common chimpanzee facts, habits, life Cycle at MetaPrimate

Taxonomic lineage

Genus Pan (chimpanzee) belongs family Hominidae (great apes) together with Gorilla, Homo (human), and Pongo (orangutan). Theorangutan is the most primitive of great apes and is separated in the subfamily Ponginae. Thus, great hominoid trio consists of Homo, Pan and Gorilla. Chimpanzee is considered to be the closest human relative.
The vernacular name chimpanzee is a Bantu word used originally in northern Angola and Congo to refer to these animals.

Brief facts

Distribution

The geographic range of the species isincluded within an area between about 10°N to 8°S and 15°W to 32°E. Isolated populations of chimpanzees are known from Sudan and Tanzania, as well as in the West Africa forest. Elevation range is from sea level in West Africa to about 2,750 m in the Ruwenzoni Mountains on the Congo-Uganda border. Pan t. verus occurs in the western portions of the range; P.t. vellerosus and P. t. troglodytes inhabitforested regions from the Niger river to Sanaga and from Sanaga to Congo, respectively, and in the far east, from the northwestern corner of Zaire into western
Uganda and Tanzania, P. troglodytes schweinfurthi is found. It is estimated that only about 35,000 animals still may survive in all known potential habitats. Pan troglodytes troglodytes co-exist with Gorilla gorilla (western lowlandgorillas). Both species were observed to forage on the same fruit trees.
The geographic range of P. troglodytes has little or no overlap with that of the congeneric form, P.panicus, which is found the region bordered by the Congo and Lualaba rivers in central Congo.
However, if the two species occur in sympatry, behavioral differences may prevent intermingling between the species.

EcologyThroughout most of the geographic range, chimpanzees inhabit either tropical rain forest or tropical closed forest. In West Africa, this ape occurs in savanna, scrub and gallery forests. In East Africa, chimpanzees occupy deciduous woodlands, savannas, and dense rain forests at all elevations.

Nesting

All great apes build nests that serve as resting or sleeping platforms. Nests are constructed from...
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