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No generally-accepted definition of “design” exists[1], and the term has different connotations in different fields (see design disciplines below). Informally, “a design” (noun) refers to a plan forthe construction of an object (as in architectural blueprints, circuit diagrams and sewing patterns) and “to design” (verb) refers to making this plan[2]. However, one can also design by directlyconstructing an object (as in pottery, cowboy coding and graphic design).
More formally, design has been defined as follows.
(noun) a specification of an object, manifested by an agent, intended toaccomplish goals, in a particular environment, using a set of primitive components, satisfying a set of requirements, subject to constraints;
(verb, transitive) to create a design, in an environment(where the designer operates)[3]
Here, a "specification" can be manifested as either a plan or a finished product and "primitives" are the elements from which the design object is composed.
With such abroad denotation, there is no universal language or unifying institution for designers of all disciplines. This allows for many differing philosophies and approaches toward the subject (seePhilosophies and studies of design, below).
The person designing is called a designer, which is also a term used for people who work professionally in one of the various design areas, usually also specifyingwhich area is being dealt with (such as a fashion designer, concept designer or web designer). A designer’s sequence of activities is called a design process[4]. The scientific study of design iscalled design science [5].
Designing often necessitates considering the aesthetic, functional, economic and sociopolitical dimensions of both the design object and design process. It may involveconsiderable research, thought, modeling, interactive adjustment, and re-design. Meanwhile, diverse kinds of objects may be designed, including clothing, graphical user interfaces, skyscrapers, corporate...
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