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Reduction of severe and moderate malnutrition among under-five children by half


Child Child Malnutrition Malnutrition

Where chronic malnutrition is highest
Countries where stuntingin under-fives is 40 per cent or more

Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. Zambia Burundi Nepal Afghanistan Yemen Ethiopia Madagascar Malawi Cambodia Guatemala India Nigeria Bangladesh Congo, Dem. Rep.Lesotho Mauritania Tanzania Rwanda Comoros Lao PDR Bhutan Niger

60 59 57 54 52 52 51 49 49 46 46 46 46 45 45 44 44 44 43 42 41 40 40

Source for all charts, graphs and tables: UNICEF, 2001.

ResultUnderweight prevalence declined from 32 per cent to 28 per cent in developing countries over the past decade. The most remarkable progress has been in East Asia and the Pacific.

Progress during the1990s
Countries where under weight prevalence declined by 25 per cent or more

Tunisia Dominican Rep. Bhutan Chile China Mexico Jamaica Venezuela Guyana Algeria

60 56 51 50 49 46 46 39 36 35 3434 29 29 28 27 27 26
0 10 20 30 40 Goal: 50% 60 reduction

… but
The high levels of undernutrition in children and women in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa pose a major challenge for childsurvival and development. Progress is made when provision of basic services is combined with support for initiatives that inform and empower communities and families (particularly women) to ensureadequate nutrient intake and prevent infectious disease.

Malnutrition is associated with about half of all child deaths worldwide. Malnourished children have lowered resistance to infection; theyare more likely to die from common childhood ailments like diarrhoeal diseases and respiratory infections; and for those who survive, frequent illness saps their nutritional status, locking them into avicious cycle of recurring sickness, faltering growth and diminished learning ability.

Indonesia Colombia Guatemala Bolivia Peru Bangladesh El Salvador Viet Nam

Per cent decline

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