Dia de veteranos

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Student name: Nancy Patricia Murillo Rodriguez. Group: M

Many people know that Veterans Day is celebrated throughout United States, where they commemorate all those soldiers who fought in the war, but what many do not know is the origin from where this tradition began.

It was on November 11, 1918 at 11 o'clock in the morning that a deal was signed inFrance which ended the First World War. It was a year after President Woodroow Wilson proclaimed this day as International Day of Armistice, which was reaffirmed by the Congress in 1926. Wilson appointed this day to send a message of peace and solidarity with the American people and proclaim world peace. But in 1941, the U.S. entered World War II, where they fought more than 16 million Americans andas a way to pay tribute to those who participated in World War I and World War II and other wars, the Congress and President Dwight Eisenhower re-designated November 11 as Veterans Day in the year of 1954.

After the civil war, the U.S. decided to make a cemetery, in which the remains of those soldiers who died in war were buried. This cemetery would also be a way of commemorating them fortheir heroic deeds. Arlington Cemetery is located in Washington D.C. and is just one of the 130 national cemeteries in the USA. In that cemetery, the tomb of the unknown soldier of World War I, which was buried in 1921, can be seen. Next to him there are two soldiers who were never identified. One of the unidentified soldiers was from the Second World War and the other unidentified soldier wasfrom the Korean War. Together they symbolize all the soldiers who gave their lives in combat. On one of the cemetery’s side there are more than 20,000 graves of unknown soldiers, whose bodies were in such horrible condition that it was impossible to identify them. As a result, these soldiers were buried without a name on their tombstones, but had the date on which they died inscribed on thetombstone. Currently, there is no soldier to be buried without knowing their identity. Because of the medical advances that we now have, DNA is now available and therefore allows for the identification of bodies to be made possible. Before this was possible, the identification of many bodies could not be made and for that reason many soldiers of previous wars were buried in that part of the cemetery. InArlington Cemetery, there are more than 300,000 graves, but this cemetery is reserved for those who served in the military. And as mentioned earlier, 20,000 of those graves were unidentified soldiers. This cemetery also includes U.S. President John F. Kennedy and his wife, Jacqueline Onassis, and two of his children.

The tomb of the Unknown Soldier has a guard 24 hours a day 7 days of aweek. Every year on every morning on November 11 at 11 o'clock, all the military services pay tribute to those who lost their lives in war by playing the song "Present Arms" at the tomb of the unknown soldiers, while the U.S. president leaves a wreath on the tomb and a bugler plays the Taps (touch of silence). The rest of the ceremony takes place at the Memorial Amphitheater. This NationalCeremony takes place on Veterans Day in which each of the different military services, and also around the country in all schools, observed a minute of silence to commemorate all those who lost their lives in battle.

There are other monuments to commemorate the fallen soldiers. The black wall which is located in the Constitution Gardens Park outside the Lincoln Memorial is considered one ofthem. This long wall is made of black stone which has inscribed all the names in gold colored letters of more than 58,000 soldiers who died or disappeared during the war in Vietnam. This wall also recognizes the participation of the women in battle. It is visited by millions of people every year, and some family members leave flowers on the name of a family member or friend who died in war. Even...
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