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Diccionario Longman
LANGUAGE TEACHING &APPLIED LINGUIsTICs
Jack C. Richards Richard schmidt

Dictionary oF

FOURTH
E D I T I O N
Most CoMprehensive edition ever - 350 new entries

Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics

Longman Dictionary of

LANGUAGE TEACHING AND APPLIED LINGUISTICS
Jack C. Richards and Richard Schmidt Fourth edition

PEARSONEDUCATION LIMITED Edinburgh Gate Harlow CM20 2JE Tel: +44 (0)1279 623623 Fax: +44 (0)1279 431059 Website: www.pearson.co.uk First edition published 1985 Second edition published 1992 Third edition published 2002 Fourth edition published in Great Britain in 2010 © Pearson Education Limited 1985, 1992, 2002, 2010 The rights of Jack C. Richards and Richard Schmidt to be identified as authors of this Workhave been asserted by them in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. Pearson Education is not responsible for the content of third party internet sites. ISBN 978-1-4082-0460-3 British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A CIP catalogue record for this book can be obtained from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data A CIP catalog record forthis book can be obtained from the Library of Congress All rights reserved; no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without either the prior written permission of the Publishers or a licence permitting restricted copying in the United Kingdom issued by theCopyright Licensing Agency Ltd, Saffron House, 6-10 Kirby Street, London ECIN 8TS. This book may not be lent, resold, hired out or otherwise disposed of by way of trade in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published, without the prior consent of the Publishers. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 14 13 12 11 10 Typeset in 9.5/12pt Sabon by 35 Printed in Malaysia (CTP-VVP)

GUIDE TO THEDICTIONARY
related word part of speech aphasia n aphasic adj also dysphasia loss of the ability to use and understand language, usually caused by damage to the brain. The loss may be total or partial, and may affect spoken and/or written language ability. There are different types of aphasia: agraphia is difficulty in writing; alexia is difficulty in reading; anomia is difficulty in using propernouns; and agrammatism is difficulty in using grammatical words like prepositions, articles, etc. Aphasia can be studied in order to discover how the brain processes language. see also neurolinguistics

less common alternative

terms explained within the entry

other related entries it may be useful to look up

abbreviation for term

term explained at its own alphabetical entry

computerassisted language learning n also CALL the use of a computer in the teaching or learning of a second or foreign language. CALL may take the form of a activities which parallel learning through other media but which use the facilities of the computer (e.g. using the computer to present a reading text) b activities which are extensions or adaptations of print-based or classroom based activities (e.g.computer programs that teach writing skills by helping the student develop a topic and thesis statement and by checking a composition for vocabulary, grammar, and topic development), and c activities which are unique to CALL. see also interactive video

entry for a less common alternative entry for an abbreviation

dysphasia n another term for aphasia

CALL n an abbreviation for computerassisted language learning

entry for a word explained elsewhere

agrammatism n see aphasia

INTRODUCTION
Who is this dictionary for?
This dictionary is intended for: • students taking undergraduate or graduate courses in language teaching or applied linguistics, particularly those planning to take up a career in the teaching of English as a Second or Foreign Language or in foreign...
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