Integrates learning of a language with learning
of some other content, often academic subject matter
▪ Ajunct Model = students enrol in a regularacademic course; they take language
course linked to academic course. In the lang. class the teacher’s focus is on
helping students process lang. in order to understand academic content.Lang.
teacher helps students to complete academic tasks (writing terms paper, improving note-taking abilities, reading academic textbooks)
▪ Sheltered – lang. instruction= native and non-native speakers of a particular lang.
follow a regular curriculum. In second lang. environment classes with non-native
speakers is geared to students developinga second lang. proficiency. Sheltered-
lang. instructors provide their students with the use of particular techniques and
▪ Competency Based Instruction =an effective form of CBI for adults immigrants
offers students an opportunity to develop their second lang. skills at the same
time they are learning survival skills such as fillinga job application or using
To sum up= WHAT ALL MODELS OF CONTENT-BASED INSTRUCTION HAVE IN COMMON IS LEARNING BOTH SPECIFIC CONTENT AND RELATED LANG. SKILLS.
Anotherapproach related to content WHOLE LANGUAGE APPROACH = originated in classes for children who speak English as native
lang. often use with second lang. learners. Lang. regarded holistically rather thanas
pieces (vocabulary words, grammar structures, pronounciation points).
Whole lang. educators believe students learn best when they are learning to understand
meaning of whole texts so studentswork from “top-down” understand meaning of the
overall text to ‘bottom –up’ where they learn lang. piece by piece and then work out to put the pieces in place constructing whole meaningful texts out...