Background This method was developed initially as a reaction to the grammar-translation method in an attempt to integrate more use of the target language ininstruction. It was develop by Maximilian Berlitz he started to use it in the schools that bear is last name in 1878. It was successful in the beggining but its popularitystarted to decay in the 1920's when schools start to complement the method with more controlled grammar based activity.
Approach Foreign lenguage can be taught without translation orthe use of the learner's native language if meaning was conveyed directly through demonstration and action. It can be describe as a monolingual approach to teaching, a lenguage couldbest be taught by using it activel in the classroom.
Teacher's Role Demonstrate - Act – Ask Questions – Correct Mistakes – Use sentences instead of single words – Let studentsspeaks more than you – Use lesson plan instead of Book – Follow your plan – Keep the pace of the student – Speak Normally – Speak Naturally – Don't Speak too Loudly – Don't beimpatient.
Student's Role Try to understand instead of asking - Imitate the correct pronunciation - Try to express in the foreign lenguag – Interact with the Teacher and classmates in theForeing Lenguage – See the practical use of Grammar.
Procedure Conduct Instruction exclusively in the target lenguage – Teach Everyday Vocabulary and sentences – Use Questions andAnswers between Teachers and Students to promote communication skills – Teach grammar inductively – Introduce new teaching points orally – Use Pictures, Demonstrations and Objects toteach new vocabulary. - Teach Listening comprenhension and Speech – Emphasize correct grammar and pronunciation.
Materials Mimic, Demonstration use of Objects and Pictures.