After WWII many nations ruled by European or other imperialist countries, were fighting for freedom from their imperialist rulers. India which was ruled by Great Britain at the time was a big country having over six hundred million people. An educated Indian man named Mohamed Gandhi became the leader of what is known as the Indian Independence Movement againstthe British. He was very successful in his campaign of boycotting British goods and gaining many followers. On January 26 of 1950, India was an Independent nation. Since India’s Independence from Great Britain to today, the country had remained in relative peace with most Nations except for the Sino-Indian war with China only lasting a few months. In the first years of its Independence, India hadtrouble controlling over the country’s huge population, especially since it was divided by Religious groups as Muslims and Hindus often confronted each other for domination of a certain area or wanting to separate the country into two which was done in the 1950s and the north western part of the country later came to the Dominion of Pakistan. In the last few years India has been growingeconomically and in Population, it is currently the largest democracy in the world and is a country with a bright future ahead of it.
Like the United States India is a Democracy, it is a Federal Republic. It consists of three main branches: the Executive, Legislative and Judicial. In the Executive branch is the President which is the Chief of State, the Prime Minister who is the head of government and aCouncil of Ministers known as the Cabinet. The Executive branch has complete authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state bureaucracy. The Judicial branch is in charge of the Indian Justice system which consists of a unitary system at state and federals level. The Legislative branch is in charge of making laws, money and representing the people of India, the legislativebranch is the branch with most representatives or officials.
India has the second largest population in the world, currently 1.21 billion (2011). It grows by annual rate of 1.6%; from 2001-2011 181 million were added to the population. The fertility rate or children born per women is 2.6. India is facing a current problem of poverty. 75% of the population live under 2$ a day. India occupies 2.4%of the world's land area; it has over 15% of the world's population. Only China has a larger population. Almost 40% of Indians are younger than 15 years of age and 5% are older than 65. About 70% of the people live in more than 550,000 villages, and the remainder in more than 200 towns and cities. India is supposed to pass Chinas 1.6 billion population by 2035.
India is the world’s largestdemocracy and it accepts all kind of religions. Hindus: 80.5%, Muslims: 13.4%, Christians: 2.3%, Sikhs: 1.9%, Buddhist: 0.8%, Jains: 0.4% and 0.6% others. India is full of culture and tradition; it has no need of war, and never had invaded a country before. However there are a lot of problems with the country now a days. Such as child labor, from ages 5-14 there is 17 million currently in childlabor. Another problem is the current leaders, they are trying to divide the country into sections depending on the religion to avoid conflict, but that truth is that moving people is what’s going to cause conflict. India is overpopulated for only having 2.4% of the land area, and that amount of population cause lot of ignorance which is present all over India. And the biggest factor is poverty, fromwhich all of the problems can relate too.
India’s economy is an important factor when talking about India’s modern history since they are currently the 11th biggest Economy in the world. The economy in India grows every year about an average of 7%. India’s GPD per capital is $3700. About 18% of India’s annual income comes from agriculture; its main products are wheat, rice, coarse grains,...