Original article Debates on food security and agrofood world governance
´ Humberto Gonzalez*
Espana 1359, Col.Moderna, Guadalajara, Jal. 44190, Mexico ˜ (Received 30 March 2007; Accepted in revised form 10 March 2010)
Mechanisms of global governance, developed in response to initiatives adopted bythe FAO to combat hunger and confront food crises, are the result of wide ranging historical debates using three basic criteria for justiﬁcation: the scientiﬁc, the political-ideological, and theethical. On the basis of these criteria, certain forms of understanding and acting on agriculture, health and nutrition at global level have come to be accepted as valid. Currently the debate and theresulting proposals are based on the recognition of food as a universal human right.
Food and Agriculture Organization, food security, governance, right to food.
Since the creation of theUnited Nations Food and Agriculture Organization in 1945, its principle concern has been to combat hunger and prevent food crises throughout the world by improving agriculture, livestock-raising andﬁshing. The original proposal of the organisation was to tackle the problem of hunger through actions co-ordinated worldwide and not just through measures taken by the governments of the national statessuﬀering from its eﬀects. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has been able to bring parties together on a global scale and has had a pre-eminent position in the deﬁnition of worldagriculture and food policies. Phillips & Ilcan (2003, 437) propose that the predominance and strengthening of agrofood world governance by the FAO can be explained by the establishment of mechanisms entailingthree things: (i) the elaboration and dissemination of valid forms of knowledge that conceptualise food and agriculture problems at the international, national, local and domestic levels, and can...