Goals for Preschool aged Children:
(Compiled from several State Guidelines)
Language – Community Goals
Compilation by Narcissa Summerfield
• Interact appropriately in groups (taking turns talking or playing with a toy) • Ask questions and wait for an answer • Use words or drawings to describe experiences, tell imaginative stories or discuss favorite topics • Use questions for a betterunderstanding or to further knowledge • Understand the difference between a statement and a question • Describe common items using descriptive words (color, size, shape, location, etc….) • Finish open ended sentences • Listen to appropriate reading material • Handle books with respect • Hold books with the right side up • Turn pages of a book one at a time • Respond appropriately to questions abouta story that was just read • Listen to a story without pictures – using only their imagination to formulate a picture of the events • Create a book and then verbally give details to a person (parent) not in the group • Recite songs and Rhymes • Ability to distinguish between real and fantasy • Create new endings to old tales • Use sensory words (sticky, soft, smooth, slippery, scratchy) todescribe objects • Describe something learned • Aware of printed forms of the alphabet including varied fonts • Phonemic awareness (sounds of the letters) • Understands writing is a form of communication • Emergent writing skills with exposure to various forms of writing materials
Mathematics – Concepts
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Recognize repetitive patterns Reproducepatterns upon comparison Create own patterns Extend a pattern Describe a pattern Sort objects by classification of various qualities (size, shape, color, etc….) including objects with more than one characteristic Familiar with money (identification and use) Understand fractions of half and whole Use objects to determine addition and subtraction using comparative language (less than, more than, thesame) Use positional words (first, second, third, fourth) Recognize numbers one to ten (more advanced to twenty or further) Use numbers to count objects (in stories, at lunch or snack, etc…) Identify and create objects by shape Use and follow directional language Creates sets of objects of one through five Recognizes numerical value of sets through five Use increasingly difficult puzzles to developskills Recognize and utilize directional words (up, down, over, etc…) Understand and use comparative words (short, tall, taller, etc…) Use nonstandard items to measure objects and to compare Estimate measurement then verify (How many steps to the board?) Recognizes time concepts (yesterday, today, tomorrow, etc….) Create graphs to organize and draw conclusions
Science – Core Knowledge
• Askquestions and seek answers (with some assistance from an adult) • Answer “What if” questions • Use and Identify simple objects used as scientific tools (magnifying glass, nails, hammer, string, pencil, etc…) • Illustrate observations through multi-media (drawing, painting, collage, etc….) • Make predictions from past experiences
• Compare natural objects using descriptive words (rock….it ishard, maybe dirty, white and scratchy or rough) • Recognize differences with natural events (day and night) • Discuss and recognize weather • Discuss the presence of ‘air’ • Identify the characteristics of living things, including similarities and differences • Discuss life cycles • Observations of similarities among plant and animal parents and their offspring • Discuss extinct life •Understanding and exploring their senses • Discuss changes in seasons and how it affects plants, animals and people • Discuss habitat choices of living creatures • Compare textures of items (fabrics, papers, flour and sugar, etc.) • Demonstrate movement of various objects (zigzagging, fast, slow, in circles, etc….) • Understand that for every action there is a reaction (push and pull, twisting, etc…..) •...
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