Kings and Tulare Counties College Attendance
The relationship between the level of education and income is hardly a secret for the majority of people. It is commonly known that higher levels of education contribute to an increase in income, just as it contributes to diminish the chances of becoming unemployed. Specifically, undergraduate programs receive special attention because afterreceiving a bachelor’s degree, the increase in income linked to higher paid jobs often make the difference between living below or above poverty level. According to the 2005 Current Population Survey's Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC), Adults with a bachelor's degree average over $20,000 a year more than those with only a high school diploma (Kelly, CNNMoney). But if this tendency shows overand over with every census, why does the level of education varies between states, counties, and cities? The answer, perhaps, it is not a general answer which can be applied broadly because each geographical area has an infinite number of variables such demographical composition and laws which can contribute directly to these differences. Because of this, it is necessary to focus this research toa specific geographical area; in this case, this analysis will focus on Kings and Tulare Counties, which currently have close to the lowest rates of high school graduates attending college.
In 2006, the different ethnic group’s distribution of Tulare County showed that 90.8 percent of the population was White, 55.8 percent Hispanic, 2 percent Black, and 3.6 percent Asian and Pacific Islanders.Kings County population was 84.1 percent White, 47.7 percent Hispanic, 8.3 percent Black, and 3.5 percent Asian and Pacific Islander. The state of California showed that withes accounted for 76.9 percent of the population, Hispanics 35.9 percent, Blacks 6.7 percent, and Asian and pacific islanders 12.4 percent. Marin County showed 88.4 percent Whites, 13.1 percent Hispanics, 3.0 percent Blacks,and 5.4 percent Asian and Pacific Islanders (State and County QuickFacts, U.S. Census Bureau). The latest two demographical data, State of California and Marin County, will be used for comparison purposes (currently, Marin County has the highest level of education in the state of California). This information allows us to separate the Hispanic group for further testing as it can be easily seen thatthe Hispanic rate is much higher in Kings and Tulare Counties with a 55.4 percent more Hispanics than the State average compared to 63.5 percent less Hispanics than the State average in Marin County (State and County QuickFacts, U.S. Census Bureau).
For the same year, Kings and Tulare counties show disproportionate rates of High School drop outs, 9-12 grades, compared to Marin County. In TulareCounty 12.4 percent of the students dropped out and in Kings County 15.1 percent. Nevertheless, in Marin County, only 4.2 percent of the students did. Moreover, Hispanics and Blacks show a consistent tendency to have the highest drop-out rates, whereas Whites and Asian and Pacific Islanders also show a consistent trend to have the lowest rates. For Tulare County, the dropout rate is 2.4 percent forHispanics, 1.7 percent for Blacks, 1.6 percent for Whites, and 1.7 percent for Asian and Pacific Islanders. For Kings County, the dropout rate is 3.1 percent Hispanics, 2.9 percent Blacks, 2.1 percent Whites, and .9 percent Asian and Pacific Islanders. For Marin County, the dropout rate is 1.7 percent for Hispanics, 1.2 percent for Blacks, .8 percent for Whites and .6 percent for Asian andPacific Islanders (California Department of education).
The graduation rates for these counties follow an opposite trend than high school dropouts and the same is true for the different ethnic groups in these counties. Kings County’s high school graduation rate is 84.9 percent, Tulare County’s 87.6 percent and Marin County’s 95.8 percent (California Department of Education). By the same token, these...
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