Effects industrial revolution

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The Industrial Revolution started during the late 18th and early 19th centuries in Great Britain. It then spread to the rest of Europe, North America and finally to the whole of the world. It istermed as a revolution as it brought about a sea of change in the way people lived and worked. It was marked by technological and industrial developments that affected every aspect of human life, fromeconomic to social changes. Industries and factories provided an alternate to farming and animal rearing, which till then had been the only source of employment.

People moved out of villages to thetowns and cities where they worked in mills and factories. They stopped making goods of daily use at home and started living in industrialized societies, manufacturing and buying commodities made infactories and industries. Such changes were brought about by certain inventions that brought about important social and political changes.

Inventions During the Industrial Revolution

The IndustrialRevolution was the result of a number scientific inventions that led to the mechanization of the textile industry, improved roads and railway networks and development of iron making techniques. Someof the important inventions are as follows:
* The Spinning Jenny: Prior to the Industrial Revolution, Britain had a large textile industry in which the artisans worked at home using the spinningwheel and the hand loom. However, the traditional methods of producing yarn restricted large-scale production of goods. With the invention of the spinning jenny by James Hargreaves, artisans couldspin almost 120 threads together instead of one thread at a time.
* The Water Frame: The water frame which was developed by Thomas Highs and later patented by Richard Arkwright in 1769, was aspinning frame that could be run by water. The water frame provided more power to the spinning frame than those operated by human beings. Hence, not only did it reduce the amount of human labor required,...