Efforts to reduce motorcycle emissions in china

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Efforts to Reduce Motorcycle Emissions in China
September 2001

CONTENTS
1 Rapid development of Chinese motorcycle industry and emission problems
2. Outline of Chinese motorcycle emissioncontrol course
3. Application of Catalytic converters for motorcycles in China
4. Application of fuel injection systems for motorcycles in China
5. Conclusions


1. Rapid development of Chinesemotorcycle industry and emission problem
1.1 Annual output analysis
1.2 Status of Chinese 2-T motorcycle emissions
1.3 Status of Chinese 4-T motorcycle emissions


1.1 Annual output analysis 1.1-(a)Annual output and sales volume
Average augmentation of annual output from 1991 to 2000 was 27.6%


1.1-(b) Engine displacement of Chinese motorcycles were being concentrated in 50, 100 and 125 mL1.1-(c) Market share of Chinese 2 stroke motorcycle was being rapidly reduced to 16.17% in 2000

1.1-(d) Output proportion of 2-wheels to 3-wheels Chinese motorcycles was about 20 ~ 26.7:1

1.2Status of Chinese 2-T motorcycle emissions

1.3 Status of Chinese 4-T motorcycle emissions




2. Outline of Chinese motorcycle emission control course

2.1 History of Chinese motorcycleexhaust regulations

1985
GB5466-85 Measurement method for pollutants at idle speed from motorcycle
GB5366-85 Main performance targets for motorcycles (Limitations)
1993
GB/T 14621-1993 Emissionstandard for exhaust emissions from motorcycle (limitations=ECE40.00)
GB/T 14622-1993 Measurement method for exhaust emissions from motorcycle under running mode (ECE R40)


2.2 Proposed NationalEmission Standards for Next Step

2.2.1 Limits and measurement methods for emissions of pollutants from motorcycles under running mode (ECE40)

Note:
Type-approval of stage 1 will be executed onJan. 1st, 2002 and the conformity of production will be executed on Jan. 1st, 2003
Type-approval of stage 2 will be executed on Jan. 1st, 2004 and the conformity of production will be executed on...
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