This type of film is usually done by small companies, whose production line contrasts with that target the box office and mass consumption, where the big budgets and special effects areabove the plot and development of the tape. The art cinema has more creative freedom, showing dramatic or controversial issues, are sometimes difficult to understand, since they can be about feelings,thoughts or dreams, trying to emulate an inner reality, being very subjective. For these reasons, the art cinema tends to be considered an identification used to name the auteur, because the films areidentified by the label that the director can print on them and somehow the director's vision
Began to be exploited in the 1910s, there was no difference between the commercial andarthouse cinema and these terms do not exist. The first signs of art films come from those seeking to add aesthetic innovation, as the case of D. W. Griffith's Birth of a Nation (1915) and Intolerance(1916). This trend would continue to develop in films such as Strike (1925), The Battleship Potemkin (1925) by Sergei Eisenstein and The Passion of Joan of Arc (1928) by Carl Theodor Dreyer. Contemporaryartists are interested in cinema as Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí's films Un Chien Andalou (1929) and The Golden Age (1930) supported by the surrealist movement, then it would the first film movementknown as Cinema Pur composed Dada artists such as Man Ray, René Clair, Dudley Murphy and Marcel Duchamp.
Main article: Experimental Cinema
The new film, which breaks downbarriers for the projections set away from the narrative and allowing the imposition of new building styles.
 Film of reality
Main article: Cinema of reality
The cinema of reality (or cinemavérité) emphasizes the realities of the scenes, with less emphasis on formal means of the script, editing and lighting.
Outstanding works of Cinema Art
Battle in Heaven