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Es el Limbo, del latino "limbus", donde están aquellos que no tuvieron pecados, solo el original de no haber sido bautizados. Por lo tanto se encuentran los niños que nacieron muertos, las personas rectas nacidas antes que Cristo y esas que por varias razones no tuvieron forma de conocer el mensaje de Cristo (Dante nombrará entre otros a dos musulmanes). También están los judíos que esperaron lallegada de Cristo, el cual los liberó durante su descenso a los Inferos. Entonces, en contraste con la doctrina de los padres de la Iglesia, en particular de Tomás de Aquino, que retenían que en el Limbo residían solo los niños muertos sin bautismo, Dante agrega a las personas rectas pero no bautizadas.

Virgilio explica entonces que allí se encuentran aquellos que no pecaron, pero en tanto quetenían méritos (mercedi), ellos no fueron bautizados hacia la porta della fede. Virgilio está entre estos y se siente perdido como los otros porque sanza speme vivemo in disio, es decir debe vivir sin esperanza de ver a Dios, en un continuo desear y llanto.
Dante es tocado por esta confesión y pregunta a Virgilio si de allí alguna vez alguien haya sido colocado entre los beatos por sus méritos.Virgilio entonces cuenta como, cuando estaba allí desde poco tiempo, vio venir a Cristo (nunca nombrado en el Infierno y aquí citado "como un Poderoso / de signo de victoria coronado") que llevó todos los judíos del Antiguo Testamento, en particular todos aquellos que se afianzaron en las manos de Dios (Abraham, Noe, Moisés). Tal episodio viene tomado del evangelio de Nicodemo.
 
 
Limbus Senum,where those went who died before Lord of the Rings was published; Limbus Puerorum, for children who die before they learn to read; and Limbus Pauperis, for those unhappy souls who in life were too poor to afford Tolkien's books.
 
Limbo
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This article is about the theological concept. For other uses of the term, seeLimbo (disambiguation).
In the theology of the Catholic Church, Limbo (Latin limbus[->2], edge or boundary, referring to the "edge" of Hell) is a speculative idea about the afterlife condition of those who die in original sin without being assigned to the Hell of the damned. Limbo is not an official doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church or any other. Medieval theologians described the underworld("hell", "hades", "infernum") as divided into four distinct parts: hell of the damned (which some call Gehenna), Purgatory, limbo of the fathers, and limbo of infants.
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[edit] Limbo of the Patriarchs


Jesus in Limbo by Domenico Beccafumi
The Limbo of the Patriarchs or Limbo of the Fathers (Latin limbus patrum) is seen as the temporary state of those who, in spite of the personal sins theymay have committed, died in the friendship of God, but could not enter Heaven until redemption by Jesus Christ made it possible. The term "Limbo of the Fathers" was a medieval name for the part of the underworld (Hades) where the patriarchs of the Old Testament were believed to be kept until Christ's soul descended into it by his death[1] through crucifixion and freed them (see Harrowing ofhell). The Catechism of the Catholic Church describes Christ's descent into "hell" as meaning primarily that "the crucified one sojourned in the realm of the dead prior to his resurrection. This was the first meaning given in the apostolic preaching to Christ's descent into hell: that Jesus, like all men, experienced death and in his soul joined the others in the realm of the dead." It adds: "But hedescended there as Saviour, proclaiming the Good News to the spirits imprisoned there." It does not use the word "Limbo".[2]
The Limbo of the Fathers (limbus patrum) was the abode of people who, before Jesus' Resurrection, had died in the friendship of God, but had to wait for Christ to open heaven's gates. This concept of Limbo affirms that one can get into heaven only through Jesus Christ but...
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