Francisco Pizarro (1478-1541) was a Spanish conquistador who traveled through much of the Pacific coast of America along Peru. He "discovered" the Incan empire and conquered itbrutally and quickly, stealing immense hoards of gold, silver, and other treasures.
Pizarro landed at San Mateo Bay in 1532. After traveling through desert and snow-capped mountains, Pizarro and hismen (who included Hernando de Soto) arrived at Cajamarca (in 1533), where they captured Atahuallpa, the 13th and last emperor of the Incas. Atahuallpa had just won a civil war against his half-brother(Huáscar), and had executed Huáscar and his family. Atahuallpa had invited Pizarro to a celebratory feast, thinking that the Spanish were not much of a threat. Pizarro ambushed Atahuallpa and killedthousands of his men. Atahuallpa offered a huge ransom for his own release, but Pizarro took the treasure and had Atahuallpa strangled on Aug. 29, 1533; this was the end of the Incan empire.
Afterlooting and generally destroying the Incan capital of Cusco, Pizarro founded Lima (which he called Ciudad de los Reyes, which means "City of the Kings"). Pizarro was assassinated in Lima, Peru, in1541, by followers of Pedro de Almagro (Cortes' captain) who wanted to seize Lima for its riches.
Atahullpa was the last sapa Inca or sovereign emperor of the Tahuantinsuyu, or the IncaEmpire. Atahualpa was the offspring of Inca Huayna Capac and Ñusta Pacha, from the Dinasty Hanan Cuzco. The union was a politically expedient one, as the southern Ecuadorian Andes had been conquered byIncaHuayna Capac's father, Inca Túpac Inca Yupanqui some years earlier. There were still elements of revolt among the people. As an adult, Atahualpa became emperor upon defeating his olderhalf-brother Huáscar in a civil war sparked by the death of their father, Inca Huayna Capac, from an infectious disease which may have been smallpox.
During the Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire, the...