Electrolitos

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  • Publicado : 22 de febrero de 2010
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1.- What electrolytes are present in gatorade, enerplex, powerade, Jumex Sport, Pedialyte and "Suero Vida Oral".
Gatorade: In Gatorade, the key electrolytes are the minerals sodium, potassium and chloride. When athletes sweat, they lose electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, and chloride that are essential to hydration and muscle function. Unlike water and other beverages that are notscientifically formulated, Gatorade is lab-tested to ensure it replenishes the electrolytes lost in sweat while maintaining thirst so athletes will adequately ingest enough fluid and electrolytes to stay well-hydrated.
Enerplex: electrolytes: enables fast
absorption of fluids and a
proper hydration.

> Potassium activates enzymes that promote production of high-energy compounds.

> Calcium: requiredfor the process of muscle contraction.
   
> Magnesium: helps you get high-energy compounds and processes required for muscle contraction.

> Sodium helps maintain osmotic pressure and helps stimulate the muscles and nerve cells.
Jumexsport : 0g Proteins, fats (lipids) 0g, carbs (carbohydrates) 6g
40mg sodium, 10mg potassium, 15mg calcium.
Pedialyte: Sodium chloride 11.7 mg Sodium 30 mEqPotassium Chloride 149.1 mg Potassium 20 mEq

Calcium chloride dihydrate 29.4 mg Magnesium 4 mEq

Magnesium chloride hexahydrate 40.7 mg Calcium 4 mEq

Sodium lactate 60% w / w 523.3 mg Chloride 30 mEq

Glucose 4550 mg Lactate 28 mEq

FOS 300 mgWater cbp 100 ml
Suero Vida Oral: contains, in g / L: sodium chloride 3.5,
trisodium citrate dihydrate 2.9,
potassium chloride 1.5
glucose 20.0. When dissolved in a quart of water provides, in mmol / L: sodium 90, chloride 80,
potassium 20,
citrate 10,
glucose 111, with pH between 7 and 8.38
The total osmolality of the solution is 311 mmol / L
Powerade: 100mg of sodium, 24.2mgof potassium, 2.5mg of Calcium and 1.2mg of Magnesium.
2. - Importance of electrolytes in the organisms.
Electrolytes are the basis of good health because they are used in the maintenance and repair of all tissue, the utilization of amino acids (cells and tissue “building blocks”), and as the basis of every physical and neurological function. They maintain osmotic equilibrium of our cell wallsand the internal water balance that enables muscles and nerves to contract and expand, and wounds to heal. They are also essential for growth and development of the bones as well as the organs.
Electrolytes are responsible for carrying minerals and amino acids to all points of the body. The pH (the measure of acidity or alkalinity) of the body is regulated by the electrolytes. Without electrolytebalance (homeostasis) the body may be in a disease state, nutrient deficient and vulnerable to disease.
Electrolytes help to chelate toxic and inorganic minerals out of the body before they cause damage, and they also assist in the absorption of minerals into the cells where the body can use them.
Electrolytes are the primary factors for cell and immune system health. They keep cell membranesstrong, raise their osmotic pressure, so that no virus or bacteria can enter, and maintain correct pH in intracellular fluid so that invading organisms cannot survive.

3.- What would it happen in an organism without electrolytes?
Electrolytes supply the spark to cells. They are not fuel that is burned to provide power. Rather, like a spark in a car engine, they are the electric fire that ignitesevery chemical reaction in a cell. They deliver electrons where needed for reactions, and store charges between events.

Too much positive charge from acids (+) creates and inability to circulate electrons. Excess anions (-) of an alkaline state will overcharge a cell or organism.
Life is a balancing act, so most biological processes need neutral – or slightly alkaline pH to assure a steady...
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