Notes Also known as the big spotted triggerfish. Inhabits outer reef areas and feeds upon crustaceans and mollusks by crushing them with powerful teeth. They are voracious eaters, and divers report seeing the clown triggerfish devour beds of pearl oysters. Do not eat this fish. According to an 1878 account, "the poisonous flesh acts primarily uponthe nervous tissue of the stomach, occasioning violent spasms of that organ, and shortly afterwards all the muscles of the body. Called seaperch in Australia. Inhabits the areas around lagoon coral reefs and sandy bottoms. The red emperor is a valuable food fish and considered a great sporting fish that fights with fury when hooked. The flesh of an old fish is just as tender to eat as that of thevery young. This is the largest of all the wrasse. It is found in dense reef areas, feeding on a wide variety of mollusks, fishes, sea urchins, crustaceans, and other invertebrates. In spite of its immense size, divers find it a very wary fish. Habitat is around boulders, caves, coral ledges and crevices in shallow waters. Swims alone or in groups. Also known as the coronation trout. It is foundaround coral reefs from shallow to very deep waters. Feeds primarily on small fishes. Also known as the turkeyfish. Inhabits reef caves and crevices. The firefish is usually stationary during the day, but feeds actively at night. Favorite foods are crustaceans. Normally seen in pairs around dense coral areas from very shallow to moderate depths. The butterflyfish feeds mainly on coral polyps andanemones. Inhabits shallow reef caves and crevices and kelp beds along the coast and offshore islands. This shark feeds at night on fishes and crustaceans and is totally harmless to divers. Also know as the grinder ray because of its flat grinding teeth used to crush its meal of crustaceans or invertebrates. Inhabits bays, sloughs, and kelp beds with sandy bottoms. This fish hides in a shallow-waterlair with just its head protruding during the day. At night it feeds on octopuses, crustaceans, and small fish close by. Widely found from near the shore to very deep waters. Young fish stay on sand or mud bottoms of bays and inshore areas. The lingcod is a voracious predator, eating many different fishes and octopuses. Often called the great marbled sculpin. Found over rocky or shell-encrustedbottoms from shallow to moderately deep waters. It feeds primarily on crustaceans and mollusks. Found in mid-water areas around reefs, wrecks and bridges. The tiny, all-black juveniles drift motionless in the shallows, looking like leaves and pods of mangrove. Frequently found under rock or reef ledges. Carnivorous with well-developed organs for scent and vibration detection.
Giant Maori Wrasse
Cheilinus undulatus Pomacanthus nauarchus Variola louti
Blue Angelfish Lunartail Rockcod
Chaetodon Ornatissimus Cephaloscylliumventriosum Myliobatis californica Gymnothorax mordax
Scorpaenichthys marmoratus Chaetodiperus faber Ginglymostoma cirratum
Atlantic Spadefish Nurse Shark
Common Name Spotted EagleRay
Notes Found in reef areas and sandy bottoms. The spotted eagle ray has a poisonous spine on its tail and incredibly powerful jaws to crush oysters, clams, and numerous crustaceans. Divers report large schools during breeding season. Prefers to congregate in loose groups in the open water above reef areas. Has well-developed teeth and usually feeds at night on small...