Emancipation

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The Independence Context

Colombia’s Emancipation falls at the juncture of the bourgeois revolutions and should not be understand as an isolated event at that time, most LatinAmerican countries governed by the Spanish Crown, were also in the process of proclaiming their independence, or rather, they had already completed in it’s entirety.
Many causesfacilitate this process, including, we must highlight the situation of Spanish cities, in those years Spain made a pact with the British and the French for Portugal’s division, but was betrayedand invaded by Napoleon, who after busting the king Fernando VII, gave to Joseph Bonaparte, the titles of king of Spain and Emperor of the Americas.
On April 2, 1767 the Company ofJesus was expelled from the Spanish Empire, by order of Carlos III, who blame them of being part of “ el Motín de Esquilache” and therefore they must also leave the kingdom of NewGranada.
On March 16, 1781 Manuela Beltran breaks the edict concerning further contributions and in what became known as the “Uprising of the villagers”, a popular movement whereparticipants farmers, Indians and mestizos in general. The villagers tried to grab the colonial power, but they can sign a capitulation approved by the Court, in which they give certainpreferences to Americans over the Spanish. The capitulations were unknown by the King Manuel Antonio Flórez. A group of villagers under the command of José Antonio Galan again fight becauseof the failure of the capitulations, but soon they were busted. On February 2, 1782 Galán was hanged along with three other commoners’ chiefs. Their heads, hands and feet weredisplayed on poles in public squares of the capital and in the villages where the rebellion took place. All his property was confiscated and their homes destroyed and sprinkled with salt.
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