English grammar

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1st class

      

Subject pronouns Object Pronouns Possessive Adjectives Affirmative statements Negative Statements Yes/No questions and short answers Wh-Questions

    Be+Adjectives Be+Adjective + Noun Be+ Noun Imperatives There is / There are

SUBJECT PRONOUN I YOU HE SHE

OBJECT PRONOUN ME YOU HIM HER

POSSESSIVE ADJE CTIVES MY YOUR HIS HER

IT
THEY WE

ITTHEM US

ITS
THEIR OUR



An affirmative statement states that something is true. In an affirmative statement, the verb follows the subject.
e.g: - I am awake - They are ready



 

To make negative sentences with “Be” we only

add “NOT”.

 

e.g : - I am NOT awake - They are NOT ready





The Yes/ No questions are called that way because their answersalways start with YES, or NO.

Aff.: My parents are in N.Y Yes/No Q : are your parents in N.Y? Short answer: Yes, They are. No, They aren’t.



Wh- Questions allow a speaker to find out

moreinformation about topics, people, etc.

 When?  Where?  Who?  Why?  How?  What?

When is the quiz? Where are my books? Who is your mother? Why is she so serious? How are your brothers? Whatare their names?





An adjective can come after some verbs, such as: be, become, feel ,etc… Adjectives describe nouns.

e.g: - he is talkative - they are shy

 Talkative,

friendly,serious, relaxed, smart, intelligent, tall, short, shy, responsible, strong, handsome, pretty, generous, wonderful, beautiful, happy, sad, atractive, elegant, energetic, nice, lazy, etc…



Weuse the indefinit articles a / an to describe the noun.
e.g : - she is a strong woman - It is a beautiful day
- They are smart students - We are very friendly people





We use a/ anbefore the noun. (Professions)
e.g : He is a lawyer They are teachers She is a student We are doctors I am a secretary He is an engineer



 Lawyer,

actress/actor, architect, fireman,...
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