English guide

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English guide

Index
Unit one
Past simple with just ………………………………………………….4
Present perfect vs present perfect progressive ………………..4
+ have/ has+been+ verb –ing +comp…………………………4
Unit 2
1st Conditional……………………………………………………………….5
May,might,could (Modals)………………………………………………..5
Would (-ria)…………………………………………………………………..5
2 conditional………………………………………………………………..5
Unit 3
Indefinitive pronouns(Some, any, not)…………………………………6
Past simple (and action that happened in the past and ended in the past)…………………6
Past perfect ( an action in the past that happened before another action in the past)….7
Unit 4
Comparatives and superlatives ……………………………………………….7
3rd conditional ……………………………………………………………………7
Be allowed to (permission)…………………………………………………….8
Unit 5
Reportedspeech……………………………………………………………….8
Reported quest…………………………………………………………………9
Reported commands…………………………………………………………9
Reported question ……………………………………………………………10
Unit 6
Imperative ……………………………………………………………………..10
Recommendation Advice……………………………………………………10
Have to, don’t have, can’t…………………………………………………..10
Pronouns ………………………………………………………………………..
Unit 7
Must, might, cant (speculation)…………………………………………..11
Wish (hypothetical situations in thepresent)…………………………..11
Should+have+ P.P ( regret, crictizism)……………………………………12
Unit 8
Relative clause ( two clauses related a pronoun)…………………….12
Passive modals……………………………………………………………….12
Gerund and infinitives………………………………………………………13
Unit 9
Conjuctions (but, although, so, because, and, or)…………………13
Passive causative………………………………………………………….13
So that, in order to (reason)……………………………………………..13
+verb perception+obj+gerund………………………………………13



Past simple with just
+just+verb(past simple)
* + Osvaldo just likesd 1D
* ? did Osvaldo just like 1D?
* -Osvlado didn’t like 1D

* +Luis Mario just cut a J.S picture
* ? Did luis mario just cut a J.S pic?
* -Luis Mario didn’t cut a J.S pic

* +Bismarck just bought a Ferrari
* ? did bismarck just buy a Ferrari?
* -bismarck didn’t buy a FerrariPresent perfect vs present perfect progressive (aux have)
+ have/has+ verb P.P
* + I have broken a window
* ? have I broken a window?
* I haven’t broken a window

* + she has been to Patzcuaro many time
* ? Has she been to “””””??
* -She hasn’t been to “”””
+ have/ has+been+ verb –ing +comp
* + she has been playing soccer for two hours
She has beenplaying soccer since 7:55
* ? has she been playing soccer for two hours?
Has she been playing soccer since 7:55?
* –she hasn’t been playing soccer for 2 hours
She hasn’t been playing soccer since 7:5

1st Conditional
If++verb present simple++verb future(will)
* If he plays he will get thin.
* If you help me I will finish faster.
* I will finish faster if you helpme.
* If she sings she will be a singer.
* If he studies he will pass the exam.

May,might,could (Modals)
:)+modal verb+comp+base form
* You could win.
* He may go to school.
* She might pass the exam.

Would (-ria)
+would+verb base form
* She would play.
* What would you do if you had $1000000?
* I would buy a car
* I would go to the beach
* Iwould punch him & tell Dulce

* I wouldn’t buy a car
* Would I buy a car?
* I wouldn’t go to the beach
* Would you go to the beach?
* I wouldn’t punch him & tell Dulce
* Would I punch him & tell Dulce

2 conditional
If++past simple+comp,+would+verb base form+comp
* If Bismarck wasn’t in the room we would be happy.
* If you were in the store, you would buy a toy.* If you didn’t play, you wouldn’t be on the team.
* If I was the president, I would meet Paul.
* If I weighed 240 pounds, I would be on a diet
* If I was taller, I’d play basketball.
* If I had $100,000, I’d buy a car.
* If I wasn’t so lazy, I’d do this myself.

Indefinitive pronouns (Some, any,...
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