Italy

Italy has been the home of many European cultures, such as the Etruscans and the Romans, and later was the birthplace of the university and of the Renaissance, that began in Tuscany andspread all over Europe.

Italia ha sido el hogar de muchas culturas europeas, tales como los Etruscos y los Romanos, y era más adelante el lugar de nacimiento de la universidad y del renacimiento, quecomenzó en Toscana y se extendió por todas partes Europa.

Today, Italy is a democratic republic and a developed country with the eighth-highest quality-of-life index rating in the world. It is afounding member of what is now the European Union, having signed the Treaty of Rome in 1957, and it is a founding member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

Hoy, Italia es una repúblicademocrática y un país desarrollado con el grado octavo-más alto del índice de la calidad-de-vida del mundo. Es un miembro fundador del cuál ahora es la unión europea, firmando del tratado de Roma en1957, y es un miembro fundador de la organización del tratado de Atlántico Norte (OTAN).

History

Excavations throughout Italy reveal a modern human presence dating back to the Paleolithic period,some 200,000 years ago. In the 8th and 7th centuries BC Greek colonies were established all along the coast of Sicily and the southern part of the Italian Peninsula. Subsequently, Romans referred tothis area as Magna Graecia, as it was so densely inhabited by Greeks. Ancient Rome was at first a small agricultural community founded circa the 8th century BC that grew over the course of thecenturies into a colossal empire encompassing the whole Mediterranean Sea, in which Ancient Greek and Roman cultures merged into one civilization. This civilization was so influential that parts of itsurvive in modern law, administration, philosophy and arts, forming the ground that Western civilization is based upon.

Las excavaciones a través de Italia revelan una presencia humana moderna que data... [continua]

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