They are important men then i will talk a little about then.
The beliefs of Socrates, as distinct from those of Plato, are difficult to discern. Little in the way of concrete evidence exists to demarcate the two.
The lengthy theories given in most of the dialogues are those of Plato, and some scholars think Plato so adapted theSocratic style as to make the literary character and the philosopher himself impossible to distinguish.
Others argue that he did have his own theories and beliefs, but there is much controversy over what these might have been, owing to the difficulty of separating Socrates from Plato and the difficulty of interpreting even the dramatic writings concerning Socrates.
Consequently, distinguishingthe philosophical beliefs of Socrates from those of Plato and Xenophon is not easy and it must be remembered that what is attributed to Socrates might more closely reflect the specific concerns of these thinkers.
The matter is complicated by the fact that the historical Socrates seems to have been notorious for asking questions but not answering, claiming to lack wisdom concerning the subjectsabout which he questioned others.
If anything in general can be said about the philosophical beliefs of Socrates, it is that he was morally, intellectually, and politically at odds with his fellow Athenians.
When he is on trial for heresy and corrupting the minds of the youth of Athens, he uses his method of elenchos to demonstrate to the jurors that their moral values are wrong-headed.He tells them they are concerned with their families, careers, and political responsibilities when they ought to be worried about the "welfare of their souls."
Socrates' belief in the immortality of the soul, and his conviction that the gods had singled him out as a divine emissary seemed to provoke, if not ridicule, at least annoyance.
Socrates also questioned the Sophistic doctrine thatarete can be taught.
He liked to observe that successful fathers did not produce sons of their own quality.
Socrates argued that moral excellence was more a matter of divine bequest than parental nurture.
This belief may have contributed to his lack of anxiety about the future of his own sons.
Socrates frequently says his ideas are not his own, but his teachers'.
He mentionsseveral influences: Prodicus the rhetor and Anaxagoras the scientist.
Perhaps surprisingly, Socrates claims to have been deeply influenced by two women besides his mother: he says that Diotima, a witch and priestess from Mantinea, taught him all he knows about eros, or love; and that Aspasia, the mistress of Pericles, taught him the art of rhetoric.
John Burnet argued that his principalteacher was the Anaxagorean Archelaus but his ideas were as Plato described them; Eric A. Havelock, on the other hand, considered Socrates' association with the Anaxagoreans to be evidence of Plato's philosophical separation from Socrates.
Socrates did not write philosophical texts.
The knowledge of the man, his life, and his philosophy is based on writings by his students and contemporaries.Foremost among them is Plato; however, works by Xenophon, Aristotle, and Aristophanes also provide important insights.
The difficulty of finding the “real” Socrates arises because these works are often philosophical or dramatic texts rather than straightforward histories.
Aside from Thucydides , there is in fact no such thing as a straightforward history contemporary with Socrates thatdealt with his own time and place.
A corollary of this is that sources that do mention Socrates don't necessarily claim to be historically accurate, and are often partisan.
Historians therefore face the challenge of reconciling the various texts that come from these men to create an accurate and consistent account of Socrates' life and work. The result of such an effort is not necessarily...