Ensayo sobre desorden bipolar

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  • Publicado : 30 de agosto de 2012
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Bipolar Disorder: a Current Disease
In our society it seems that the bipolarity is trendy, but on many occasions they are wrong because they don’t really know what the term means. Frequently, people say that they'' have'' bipolarity without knowing what this pathology is. They believe that only involves changing mood, for example: yesterday I was sad, today I am happy, tomorrow I will bedevastated. Bipolarity, also known as a manic-depressive illness, is brain disorder that describes the usual shift of a person’s mood and energy. It is characterized by the presence of one or more episodes with abnormally high levels of energy and cognition. Bipolarity is recognized by the different features which will be mentioned individually. The most characteristic feature in the suffering of thiscondition is its cyclicity, the move between sadness and joy, between mania and depression. The first signs of this disorder usually appear in adolescence and early adulthood. The word bipolar indicates the two main polar extremes which a person with disorder experiences and its affect around 1.2 percent of the population worldwide. For a better understanding of what this condition is, people shouldbe conscious of its symptoms in the different episodes that presents, what causes it, treatment and how patience with this illness try to lead a normal life.
To begin, there are three types of bipolar disorder that rage from high or low levels of happiness and sadness episodes. Manic episodes last around one week and are characterized excessively high euphoric moods, spending sprees, andextreme irritability; along with many others. A manic episode is diagnosed if elevated mood occurs with three or more symptoms most of the day, nearly every day, for 1 week or longer. People suffering of a manic episode will usually have racings thoughts and will speak using quick and run-ons sentences. A hypomanic episode is similar to manic episode only less severe. The symptoms of a hypomanic episodeincludes decreased need for sleep, occasional anger and elevated mood. However, people who suffer its episode are cheerful and pleasant, need little sleep, and seems to always have abundance of energy. A depressive episode last at least two weeks. The signs and symptoms of a depressive episode are feelings of pessimism, guilt, or helplessness; even thoughts of suicide and death.  This is one ofthe most dangerous episodes of bipolar disorder. The person in this episode tends to fatigue, which does not help much to adapt to society. There is a mixed episode which include maniac and depressive symptoms. People with any of this symptoms or episodes tempt to become addict to alcohol and drugs and to avoid this, they must immediately attend to a specialist to receive a correct diagnostic andtreatment.
Although, for scientists have not been easy to define the causes of bipolar disorder, hereditary-genetic, biochemical and environmental factors are the possible causes of the development of this disorder. Genes play an important role in what bipolarity concern. There have been cases in which people develop the disease because some relative in the family has suffered the disorder.Furthermore, the biochemical factor is one of the most successful scientific explanations at the moment of make a diagnosis of bipolarity. The brain releases molecules called neurotransmitters, which are nerve cells responsible for transmitting impulses throughout the body. The mood system of the person cannot function properly if these cells lose their balance, causing mood swings in people. Anotherfactor is the environment where they live or they daily life. The person may experience high impact situations easily lead to having an episode of bipolar disorder, for example the death of a loved one, discrimination, domestic violence or changes of puberty to adolescence. Many of these situations can be traumatic for the individual, can stay dipped into a manic depression or crisis that could...
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