What is a report?
This is an introductory guide to report writing. It gives some general advice on the content and structure of a report. It is very important for you to consult yourDepartmental Guidelines or Unit Guide for advice on the required report format for the units in which you are enrolled.
Differences between the report and the essay
Report The topic • is often aproblem or case study which sets up a hypothetical situation. is based on reading, field work or practical work. is to investigate, present and analyse information thoroughly and logically. is often torecommend action to solve a problem. is usually to make proposals. is established in the topic and is often a client or manager. comprises sections with headings. has to be objective. sometimesincludes the use of bullet points. the demonstration of good research skills the objective presentation and analysis of relevant information. • • • • • is usually the lecturer. usually does not includesections. can be subjective, but needs the impersonality suited to academic study. • • • Essay is usually a question or a proposition. is based on reading and sometimes field work. is to articulate awell-argued response to the question or proposition. establishes a proposition.
• The purpose •
• • The reader The format The style • • • • Assessment
Success depends on: • •
Successdepends on: the interest of the argument. how the essay relates one point to the next and how well it establishes the proposition.
Features of reports 1. Referencing and quotations in reports followthe same guidelines required for essays. Endnotes are often preferred in an area like Marketing. 2. For most reports, a system of numbered sections with headings is used. However, some departments donot require this. Again, check with the Departmental Guidelines for your subject. Just as in the essay, a good report will analyse and evaluate as well as merely describe. The ability to respond to...