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STANDARD

Project Management Institute

Project Management Institute

Practice Standard for

Work Breakdown Structures

Project Management Institute

Practice Standard for

Work Breakdown Structures

Project Management Institute Newtown Square, Pennsylvania USA

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Project Management Institute practice standard for workbreakdown structures p. cm. Includes biobliographical references and index. ISBN 1-880410-81-8 1. Project management. I. Project Management Institute. II. Title: Practice standard for work breakdown structures. HD69.P75P76168 2001 658.4'04—dc21 2001048475

ISBN: 1-880410-81-8 Published by: Project Management Institute, Inc. Four Campus Boulevard Newtown Square, Pennsylvania 19073-3299 USA Phone:610-356-4600 or Visit our website: www.pmi.org E-mail: pmihq@pmi.org © 2001 Project Management Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. “PMI” and the PMI logo are service and trademarks registered in the United States and other nations; “PMP” and the PMP logo are certification marks registered in the United States and other nations; “PMBOK”, “PM Network”, and “PMI Today” are trademarks registered in theUnited States and other nations; and “Project Management Journal” and “Building professionalism in project management.” are trademarks of the Project Management Institute, Inc. PMI® books are available at special quantity discounts to use as premiums and sales promotions, or for use in corporate training programs as well as other educational programs. For more information, please write to the BookPublishing Coordinator, PMI Publishing Division, Four Campus Boulevard, Newtown Square, PA 19073-3299 USA. Or contact your local bookstore. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, manual, photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without prior written permission of thepublisher. The paper used in this book complies with the Permanent Paper Standard issued by the National Information Standards Organization (Z39.48—1984).

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Contents
List of Figures Foreword Preface –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– vii ix xi

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Chapter1—Introduction

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1.1 Concept – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 1.2 Objective – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Chapter 2—What Is a Work Breakdown Structure? – – – – – – – – – – – – –
2.1 Common Usage of Terms – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2.2 Concept – – – – – – – – – – – – –– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2.3 Summary – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

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Chapter 3—Why Use a Work Breakdown Structure?

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3.1 Overview – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3.2 Communications – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3.3 Reporting – – – –– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Chapter 4—How to Create a Work Breakdown Structure – – – – – – – – – –
4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 Overview – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Preparing a WBS – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Factors to Be Considered – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –– – – – WBS Measurement Considerations – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Challenges to Be Considered – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – WBS Level of Detail – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – WBS Life-Cycle Considerations – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – Project Risk and the WBS – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –...
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