Estudio energia

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© OECD/IEA 2010

FossilFossil-fuel subsidies are distorting price signals
Economic value of fossil-fuel consumption subsidies by country & type, 2009

Fossil-fuel consumptionsubsidies amounted to $312 billion in 2009, with oil products accounting for almost half of the total

© OECD/IEA 2010

Emerging economies dominate the growth in demand for all fuels
Incrementalprimary energy demand by fuel & region in the New Policies Scenario, 2008-2035

Demand for all types of energy increases in non-OECD countries, while demand for coal & oil declines in the OECD
©OECD/IEA 2010

China's role in global energy is set to expand further
China’s share of the projected net global increase for selected indicators in the New Policies Scenario

Developments in China’senergy system will have major implications for global supply & demand trends for oil, natural gas & coal, as well as prospects for limiting climate change
© OECD/IEA 2010

Coal remains thebackbone of global electricity generation
Coal-fired electricity generation by region in the New Policies Scenario

A drop in coal-fired generation in the OECD is offset by big increases elsewhere,especially China, where 600 GW of new capacity exceeds the current coal capacity of US, EU & Japan
© OECD/IEA 2010

Renewables enter the mainstream… if there is enough government support
Annual globalsupport for renewables in the New Policies Scenario

Government support remains the key driver – rising from $57 billion in 2009 to $205 billion in 2035 – but higher fossil-fuel prices & declininginvestment costs also spur growth
© OECD/IEA 2010

Oil production becomes less crude
World oil production by type in the New Policies Scenario

Global oil production reaches 96 mb/d in 2035 onthe back of rising output of natural gas liquids & unconventional oil, as crude oil production plateaus
© OECD/IEA 2010

Caspian energy riches could enhance global energy security