Etica general

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  • Publicado : 28 de noviembre de 2011
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o Repaso Ética:
o HUMAN RIGHTS: inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being
o 5 types of human rights:
o Civil: deals withstandards of judiciary and penal systems.
o Economical: deal with the sphere of human beings working, producing and servicing.
o Political: deals with specific components of participation in politicalpower.
o Cultural: deal with the cultural sphere of life including ethnic culture, subcultures, arts and science.
o Social: deal with standard of living and quality of life for all persons,including those not participating in economic activities.
o 1948-Universal Declaration of Human Rights by Eleanor Roosevelt. First formal standards of human rights and freedoms.
o All human rights areuniversal, indivisible and interdependent and interrelated.
o 1966 International Covenants on Human Rights; International Covenant on CPR; International Covenant on ESCR
o Human rights are the rightsbelonging to any human regardless of their: Nationality, place of residence, sex, color, religion, language.
o We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination.
o Universal humanrights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties
o Human rights violations occur when actions by state actors’ abuse, ignore, or deny basic human rights.
o Wars ofaggression, war crimes and crimes against humanity, including genocide, are breaches of International humanitarian law and represent the most serious of human rights violations.
o Institutions ProtectingH.R: United Nations Charter, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Treaties, Customary international law, International Humanitarian Law, United Nations System, Human Rights Council, Other UN TreatyBodies, Regional human rights regimes
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o The constitution: A written record of rights and laws that rule a sovereign and democratic country.
o The articles in our constitution range from human...
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