Examen de selectividad

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UNIVERSIDADES PÚBLICAS DE LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID PRUEBA DE ACCESO A ESTUDIOS UNIVERSITARIOS (LOGSE) Curso 2007-2008 MATERIA: INGLÉS

INSTRUCCIONES GENERALES Y VALORACIÓN
1. Lea todo el texto cuidadosamente. 2. Lea atentamente todas las preguntas de la prueba. 3. Proceda a responder en lengua inglesa a las preguntas en el papel de examen. TIEMPO: 1 hora y 30 minutos. CALIFICACIÓN: La puntuaciónmáxima de la prueba es de 10 puntos.

QUESTIONS
1. Are the following statements TRUE or FALSE? Copy the evidence from the text. No marks are given for only TRUE or FALSE.

a. According to the survey, women are more compulsive shoppers than men. b. Experts believe that buying is a form of self-realization for compulsive shoppers.
(Puntuación máxima 2 puntos)

Compulsive shopping A newillness, the Compulsive Buying Disorder, has been diagnosed. Its symptoms are frequent thoughts of shopping, experiencing senseless impulses to purchase unneeded items, and overspending to the extent that it harms relationships or job performance. A recent survey has found that one in twenty American adults buy things they may not even want or need. In today’s world of consumerism, where we areconstantly bombarded by ads, this is perhaps not unusual. But more surprising is a further finding that runs counter to the conventional and rather stereotyped view that compulsive buying is very much a “woman's disease”: men are just as likely as women to suffer from compulsive buying. Gone seem to be the days when women dragged their bored men around shopping malls. Researchers say that the number ofmen who indulge in unnecessary shopping has rocketed. Experts claim that past trends and figures may have been unfairly distorted as male obsessive shoppers used to be more reluctant than women to recognize that they have a problem, admit it, and seek help. While women buy more clothing and products that improve appearance, men tend to focus more on gadgets and technical items and can becomecompulsive collectors. And help seems to be exactly what the doctor orders for any compulsive shopper who is usually not made any happier by his or her relentless buying. Doctors have concluded that this behaviour is a way for people to try to complete themselves. For some people, being complete is being impeccably dressed or having something new. Instead, medical practitioners encourage those seekingtreatment to cultivate non-materialistic aspects of their lives.

2. In your own words and based on the ideas in the text, answer the following questions. Do not copy from the text.

a. How does the text describe a compulsive consumer? b. What are the differences between male and female compulsive buyers?
(Puntuación máxima 2 puntos)

3. Find the words in the text that mean:

a. result(paragraph 1) b. increased (paragraph 2) c. tendencies (paragraph 2) d. looking for (paragraph 3)
(Puntuación máxima 1 punto)

4. Complete the following sentences. Use the appropriate form of the word in brackets when given.

a. As a result of too much shopping, some anxiety or depression may ______ (experience) and this might interfere _____ work or school performance. b. Contrary to thegeneral idea that shopping is a ladies’ habit, men are now ______ (admit) that they also have this problem, and they even ask ____ some help. c. Doctors suggest that compulsive shoppers ______ cultivate more spiritual aspects of their lives, rather ______ buying material things to complete themselves. Rewrite the following in reported speech. d. Yesterday the salesman said to me: “Don’t pay now”.(Puntuación máxima 2 puntos)

5. Write about 100 to 150 words on one of the following topics.

a. Do you ever buy things that you don’t need? Why? b. The Compulsive Buying Disorder has become worse with the arrival of online shopping and television programmes devoted to buying goods 24 hours a day. Discuss.
(Puntuación máxima 3 puntos)

INGLÉS CRITERIOS ESPECÍFICOS DE CORRECCIÓN TIEMPO: 1...
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