A film, also called a movie or motion picture, is a series of still or moving images. It is produced by recording photographic images with cameras, or by creating imagesusing animation techniques or visual effects. The process of filmmaking has developed into an art form and industry.
Preceding films had elements common tofilm: scripts, sets, costumes, production, direction, actors,audiences, storyboards, and scores.
At the beginning there were machines that were able to display sequences of still pictures al sufficient speed for the images to appear to be moving. Then thecelluloid pictures of film were developed and it became possible to directly capture objects in motion in real time, around 1870s.
Motion picture cameras and motion picture projection began to be used inthe 1880s.
In the 1894s, commercial motion pictures were purely visual art through the late 19th century, but these innovative silent films had gained a hold on the public imagination. Around the20th century, films began developing a narrative structure.
When the World War 1 broke out the European cinema was interrupted. However in the USA the film industry flourished with the rise ofHollywood
.In the 1920s, new technology allowed filmmakers to attach to each film a soundtrack of speech, music and sound effects synchronized with the action on the screen.
The next major step in thedevelopment of cinema was the introduction of so-called "natural color".
While the addition of sound quickly eclipsed silent film and theater musicians, color replaced black-and-white much moregradually. The innovation was the introduction of the Technicolor process, which increase the number of films made in color year after year. This new technique substituted the black and white movies. Butthere were still some producers who prefer black and white pictures like Peter Bogdanovich and Martin Scorsese.
Then the New Wave movements arose (including the French New Wave, Indian New...