Filosofos

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  • Publicado : 29 de enero de 2012
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1. I am particularly attracted to Confucius philosophy. Confucius was a philosopher that was dedicated to teach moral values and firmly believed that in order to develop our human nature, we must develop virtue. Virtue should be the root of personal behavior. He believed benevolence and humanity are essential elements for all human relations. His teachings revolve around living a virtuous life.Confucius teachings said that it was not an easy task to attain virtue, as virtue requires self-control and selflessness. He said “1:14_The Master said, “He who aims to be a man of complete virtue n his food does not seek to gratify his appetite, nor in his dwelling place does he seek the appliances of ease.” The unifying principle behind all his philosophy is that ethics are not base on religionbut on human nature. He proclaimed that without virtue as the ultimate value, and life was not worthwhile.
Confucius also believed that virtue should also be core of political authority. He believed that the use of force and violence over people was not efficient. With benevolence, he believed people would be more receptive and willing to cooperate. Basically, if you treat people with goodnessthey will be reverent in return. In my opinion Confucius was right about this teachings, if a ruler does not have moral values, how can he expect that society governed by him be loyal and respectful; the ruler must set the example and by treating human kind with respect, compassion and dignity more than likely you get the same in return.
The Confucian approach laid down a pattern of thinkingfollowed by more people from many generations regardless of culture, religion or social status. His method depicts most of the Chinese learning down to the present day; its deep-seated ideology is the firm belief in the perfectibility of people through learning.

2. As a second philosophy I chose to write about Nietzsche’s philosophy, his view was total opposite of Confucius’s and very radical.As it calls for the complete reevaluation of morals and deliberately attacks the Christian tradition in modern society. He believed one should dare to become who we are in order to determine one’s full potential as a human being, the ethic system of which by society runs, must be changed as it only hampers one’s will to achiever power.
According to Nietzsche’s philosophy is not the pursuit oftruth, for there are no truths, only interpretations; instead it is an attempt to interpret reality. To demonstrate this point he examines master morality as opposed to slave morality. Master morality he believed will normally develop in those individuals who are the strongest, those who are born with the power to dominate others. In this type of morality, strength, intelligence, courage, revenge andpower seeking are moral standards that are valued. Then there is slave morality; this one more utilized by what he calls weak groups of people. In this morality values like sympathy, kindness, pity, patience humility and helping those in need are valued.
I believe that the basis of his philosophy were the total lack of authority. No God, no laws to follow, this will not allow for a normalsociety to exists. Nietzsche clearly favored the “master moralities” and argued that we should rid ourselves of our “slave moralities”; he did not feel that one morality was more “true” than another. Since there is no longer any God, there are no longer any objective moralities. Moralities are our own inventions according to him. He wrote: “The concept “God” has been the greatest objection to existencehitherto…We deny God, we deny responsibility in God: thus alone do we save the world.”
In my opinion, after reading about Nietzsche, he uses as an excuse of his own weakness, the theory that the weak hide behind moral values because it is a way to become strong. He is in my view, pessimistic and on his writings about “God is Dead” perhaps atheist.

3. Philosophy comes from the Ancient...
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