Use If + the present simple (for example: If it rains…) to talk about things in the future
which can happen or which are possible. Then use the future (will) for theresult (for
example… we will get wet). In other words, “if A happens, B will happen”.
In the example: If it rains, we will get wet, it is possible or probable that it will rain. We
will get wetwill be the result.
If you lend me some money, I’ll buy you a drink.
If you hit me, I’ll hit you.
If I marry, I won’t stop work.
If you go to England, you’ll learn a lot of English.You can also start the sentence with “B will happen” and follow with “if A happens”.
The meaning of the sentence is the same. So, for Example, these two examples mean the
We’ll get wetif it rains.
If it rains we’ll get wet.
I’ll wash the dishes if you dry them.
I’ll come in if the water’s not too cold.
You’ll get square eyes if you watch television all day.
Inall these examples, it is the part of the sentence after if (the if clause) which tells you
what can happen or what is possible (“if A happens…”). The other part of the sentence
is the result (“… Bwill happen”).
Use if + the past simple (If you wore glasses…) to talk about things which are possible
but not very probable. Then use would + a main verb for the result (…you’d see
better). In other words, “if A happened, B would happen”.
If you went to England for a year, you’d learn a lot of English.
If he won lot of money, he’d travel round the world.In these two examples it is not probable that the other person will go to England for a
year or win a lot of money.
You can also use if + the past simple to talk about things which are impossible.Examples:
If you were taller, I would dance with you.
If I were younger, I’d show them how to play.
If I were you, I’d see a doctor.
In these examples it is impossible for the boy to be...