Fiscal

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4. Ahora con los datos impuestos en Colombia y USA y siguiendo la estructura de Ed. Prescott (2002) “Prosperity and Depression” se define la brecha intertemporal como: [pic] donde es una medida de distorsión creada por la tributación al capital. De igual manera, se define la brecha intratemporal. La brecha intratemporal es una medida de la distorsión creada por la tributación al consumo y altrabajo. Se tiene en teoría que entre mayor es la brecha menor es el incentivo a trabajar.

a. Se solicita que halle las brechas para los dos países y muestre las gráficas.

Desarrollo

• Estados Unidos
Tasas de tributación efectivas(consumo)
| |USA |
|1.970 |6,392 |
|1.971 |6,416 |
|1.972 |6,202|
|1.973 |6,198 |
|1.974 |6,098 |
|1.975 |5,799 |
|1.976 |5,644 |
|1.977 |5,525 |
|1.978 |5,479 |
|1.979 |5,313 |
|1.980 |5,396 |
|1.981 |6,073 |
|1.982 |5,787|
|1.983 |5,463 |
|1.984 |5,586 |
|1.985 |5,497 |
|1.986 |5,286 |
|1.987 |5,161 |
|1.988 |5,221 |
|1.989 |5,035 |
|1.990 |5,052 |
|1.991 |5,231 |
|1.992 |5,283 ||1.993 |5,41 |
|1.994 |5,516 |
|1.995 |5,573 |
|1.996 |5,467 |
|1.997 |5,645 |
|1.998 |5,756 |
|1.999 |5,8 |
|2.000 |5,75 |

Tasas de tributación efectivas (ingreso laboral)

| |USA|
|1970 |22,628 |
|1971 |21,678 |
|1972 |22,135 |
|1973 |22,594 |
|1974 |23,984 |
|1975 |24,604 |
|1976 |24,246 |
|1977 |25,823 |
|1978 |26,034 |
|1979 |26,938 ||1980 |27,597 |
|1981 |28,635 |
|1982 |29,172 |
|1983 |27,965 |
|1984 |27,47 |
|1985 |28,307 |
|1986 |28,261 |
|1987 |28,948 |
|1988 |28,538 |
|1989 |28,766 |
|1990|28,722 |
|1991 |28,873 |
|1992 |28,563 |
|1993 |26,692 |
|1994 |27,096 |
|1995 |27,21 |
|1996 |27,773 |
|1997 |27,2 |
|1998 |27,2 |
|1999 |27,45 |

USABrecha intratemporal Brecha intertemporal
[pic]
|1970 |1,37507109 |1970 |1,95465207 |
|1971 |1,35869871 |1971 |1,73731758 |
|1972 |1,36392474 |1972 |1,7771459 |
|1973 |1,37196083 |1973 |1,74733531 |
|1974|1,39573248 |1974 |1,88786105 |
|1975 |1,4032442 |1975 |1,8308312 |
|1976 |1,39456662 |1976 |1,7624251 |
|1977 |1,42261078 |1977 |1,82815356 |
|1978 |1,4260471 |1978 |1,77619893 |
|1979 |1,44141962 |1979...
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