Florence nightingale

Solo disponible en BuenasTareas
  • Páginas : 2 (380 palabras )
  • Descarga(s) : 9
  • Publicado : 29 de junio de 2010
Leer documento completo
Vista previa del texto
Nightingale, Florence (1820-1910), British nurse, hospital reformer, and humanitarian.

Born in Florence, Italy, on May 12, 1820, Nightingale was raised mostly in Derbyshire, England, and receiveda thorough classical education from her father. In 1849 she went abroad to study the European hospital system, and in 1850 she began training in nursing at the Institute of Saint Vincent de Paul inAlexandria, Egypt. She subsequently studied at the Institute for Protestant Deaconesses at Kaiserswerth, Germany. In 1853 she became superintendent of the Hospital for Invalid Gentlewomen in London.After the Crimean War broke out in 1854, Nightingale, stirred by reports of the primitive sanitation methods and grossly inadequate nursing facilities at the large British barracks-hospital at Üsküdar(now part of Istanbul, Turkey), dispatched a letter to the British secretary of war, volunteering her services in Crimea. At the same time, unaware of her action, the minister of war proposed that sheassume direction of all nursing operations at the war front. She set out for Üsküdar accompanied by 38 nurses. Under Nightingale's supervision, efficient nursing departments were established atÜsküdar and later at Balaklava in Crimea. Through her tireless efforts the mortality rate among the sick and the wounded was greatly reduced.
At the close of the war in 1860, with a fund raised in tribute toher services, Nightingale founded the Nightingale School and Home for Nurses at Saint Thomas's Hospital in London. The opening of this school marked the beginning of professional education innursing.
Florence Nightingale's contributions to the evolution of nursing as a profession were invaluable. Before she undertook her reforms, nurses were largely untrained personnel who considered their joba menial chore; through her efforts the stature of nursing was raised to a medical profession with high standards of education and important responsibilities. She received many honors from foreign...
tracking img