A Student Grammar of French A Student Grammar of French is a concise introduction to French grammar, designed speciﬁcally for English-speaking undergraduates. Keeping technical detail to a minimum, it explains the fundamentals of the grammar in accessible and simple terms, and helps students to put their learning into practice through a range of fun andengaging exercises. All the essential topics are covered, with chapters on verbs, nouns, adjectives, pronouns, determiners, prepositions, adverbs, negation, numerals, sentences and clauses. Every grammatical point is illustrated with a range of authentic examples drawn from magazines and newspapers, covering many areas of contemporary life such as fashion, health issues, relationships and sport. Itis clearly organised into a user-friendly, numbered indexing system, allowing the learner to locate any grammatical topic quickly and easily. Functioning as both an indispensable reference guide and a comprehensive workbook, this grammar will become the perfect accompaniment to any ﬁrst- or second-year undergraduate course. Malcolm Offord was formerly Lecturer and Reader in the Department ofFrench, University of Nottingham. He is author of Varieties of French (1990), French Sociolinguistics (1996), French Words, Past, Present and Future (2001), Francophone Literatures: A Literary and Linguistic Companion (2001), Using French: A Guide to Contemporary Usage (with Ronald Batchelor, Cambridge University Press, 3rd edition 2000) and Using French Synonyms (with Ronald Batchelor, CambridgeUniversity Press, 1993).
A Student Grammar of French
cambridge university press Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo Cambridge University Press The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge cb2 2ru, UK Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York www.cambridge.org Information on this title:www.cambridge.org/9780521547628 © Malcolm Offord 2006 This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provision of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. First published in print format 2006 isbn-13 isbn-10 isbn-13 isbn-10 978-0-511-22025-8 eBook (EBL) 0-511-22025-1 eBook (EBL)978-0-521-54762-8 paperback 0-521-54762-8 paperback
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Acknowledgements Introduction Chapter 1 Verbs: 1 1 Introduction 2 Verbs 3Treatment of verbs Discursive treatment of verbs Inﬁnitives 4 Inﬁnitives Person 5 Person Mood 6 Mood Tense 7 Tense 8 Tenses 9 Presentation of tenses 10 Inﬁnitives and conjugations 11 Inﬁnitive endings for the four groups 12 Subgroups 13 Group 1 –er verbs, Group 2 –ir verbs, Group 3 –re verbs, Group 4 –oir verbs 14 The formation of tenses – simple and compound tenses Indicative mood Present tense15 Group 1 –er verbs 16 Present tense of Group 1 –er verbs 17 Subgroups 18 –er verbs Subgroup 1 19 –er verbs Subgroup 2 20 –er verbs Subgroup 3 21 –er verbs Subgroup 4 22 Group 2 –ir verbs 23 Present tense of Group 2 –ir verbs 24 –ir verbs Subgroup 1 25 –ir verbs Subgroup 2 26 –ir verbs Subgroup 3 27 –ir verbs Subgroup 4 28 –ir verb mourir = to die
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29 Group 3 –re verbs 30 Present tense of Group 3 –re verbs 31 –re verbs Subgroup 1 32 –re verbs Subgroup 2 33 –re verbs Subgroup 3 34 –re verbs Subgroup 4 35 –re verbs Subgroup 5 36 –re verbs Subgroup 6 37 –re verbs Subgroup 7 38 Group 4 –oir verbs 39 Present tense of Group 4 –oir verbs 40 –oir verbs Subgroup 1 41 –oir verbs...