Freud 5 stages

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A newborn baby, according to Freud, is bubbling with energy (libido; psychic energy). However, this energy is without focus or direction, which would not allow for survival.  How, then, does thechild develop the ability to control and direct his/her energy?
In order to understand development (and neuroses), then, we should follow the energy and see where it goes. So, where does the infant’s,then the child’s, the adolescent's, and adult's energy get focused?  Freud believed that as development occurs the baby begins to focus on first one object then another.  As the infants focus shifts thestyle and type of gratification being sought changes.
The focal objects for the development of a child's energy serves to define five main stages of psychological development:
* oral (0-18months)
* anal (18 months - 3 1/2 years)
* phallic (3 1/2 years - 6 years)
* latency (6 years - puberty)
* genital (puberty - adulthood)

Oral stage: Birth - 18 months (approx.)Physical focus: mouth, lips tongue (sucking). Sucking is the primary source of pleasure for a newborn. Everything goes in the mouth. Sucking = food.
Psychological theme: dependency. A baby is verydependent and can do little for itself.
Adult character: highly dependent/highly independent. If baby becomes fixated at this stage Freud felt that he or she would grow to be an oral character. Mostly thesepeople are extremely dependent and passive people who want everything done for them. However Freud also suggests that another type of oral character is the person who is highly independent.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Anal Stage: 18 months - 3.5 years (approx.)
Physical focus: anus (elimination). Baby’s sexual pleasure is centered on theanus at this time.
Psychological theme: self-control/obedience. These things are not just related to toilet training but also the baby must learn to control urges and behaviors. What goes wrong here...
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