Gabriel garcia marquez

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Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡaˈβɾjel ɡarˈsia ˈmarkes]; born March 6, 1927[1]) is a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist, known affectionately as Gabo throughout Latin America. He is considered one of the most significant authors of the 20th century. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1982, and is the earliestwinner of this prize to be still alive. He pursued a self-directed education that resulted in his leaving law school for a career in journalism. From early on, he showed no inhibitions in his criticism of Colombian and foreign politics. In 1958, he married Mercedes Barcha; they have two sons, Rodrigo and Gonzalo.

He started as a journalist, and has written many acclaimed non-fiction works andshort stories, but is best-known for his novels, such as One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967) and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985). His works have achieved significant critical acclaim and widespread commercial success, most notably for popularizing a literary style labeled as magical realism, which uses magical elements and events in otherwise ordinary and realistic situations. Some of his worksare set in a fictional village called Macondo (the town mainly inspired by his birthplace Aracataca), and most of them express the theme of solitude.

Contents [hide]
1 Biography
1.1 Early life
1.2 Journalism
1.2.1 The Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor
1.3 Marriage and family
1.4 Leaf Storm
1.5 One Hundred Years of Solitude
1.6 Fame
1.7 Autumn of the Patriarch
1.8 Chronicle of a DeathForetold
1.9 Love in the Time of Cholera
1.10 Illness
1.11 Recent works
1.12 Film
2 Style
2.1 Realism and Magical Realism
3 Motifs
3.1 Solitude
3.2 Macondo
3.3 La violencia
4 Legacy
4.1 Nobel Prize
5 List of works
5.1 Novels
5.2 Novellas
5.3 Short story collections
5.4 Non Fiction
6 See also
7 Notes
8 References
9 Further reading
10 External links
10.1 Films

[edit]Biography[edit] Early life
Billboard of Gabriel García Márquez in Aracataca. It reads: "I feel Latin American from whatever country, but I have never renounced the nostalgia of my homeland: Aracataca, to which I returned one day and discovered that between reality and nostalgia was the raw material for my work". —Gabriel García MárquezGabriel García Márquez was born on March 6, 1927 in the town ofAracataca, Colombia, to Gabriel Eligio García and Luisa Santiaga Márquez.[2][3] Soon after García Márquez was born, his father became a pharmacist. In January 1929, his parents moved to Sucre [4][5] while García Marquez stayed in Aracataca. He was raised by his maternal grandparents, Doña Tranquilina Iguarán and Colonel Nicolás Ricardo Márquez Mejía.[4][6] When he was nine, his grandfather died,and he moved to his parents' home in Sucre where his father owned a pharmacy.[7][8]

When his parents fell in love, their relationship met with resistance from Luisa Santiaga Marquez's father, the Colonel. Gabriel Eligio García was not the man the Colonel had envisioned winning the heart of his daughter: he (Gabriel Eligio) was a Conservative, and had the reputation of being a womanizer.[9][10]Gabriel Eligio wooed Luisa with violin serenades, love poems, countless letters, and even telegraph messages after her father sent her away with the intention of separating the young couple. Her parents tried everything to get rid of the man, but he kept coming back, and it was obvious their daughter was committed to him.[9] Her family finally capitulated and gave her permission to marryhim.[11][12] (The tragicomic story of their courtship would later be adapted and recast as Love in the Time of Cholera).[10][13]

Since García Márquez's parents were more or less strangers to him for the first few years of his life,[4] his grandparents influenced his early development very strongly.[14][15] His grandfather, whom he called "Papalelo",[14] was a Liberal veteran of the Thousand Days...
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