Geografia e historia de escocia

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Geografía e Historia de los Países Anglófonos





Geografía e Historia de los Países Anglófonos


Having chosen Scotland has opened our minds a bit more to a country we hardly knew. We chose Scotland because it is a very beautiful part of the world some of us had had a chance to look at, but not to study it as we have done now.It has been very interesting to do a project on this country, because we have learnt many things about Scotland, its mountains, lakes and islands, but most importantly, we have managed to have a quick but deep look at the people of the region and their customs. Moreover, we have even become interested In their food and have managed to try some of it. It is now our objective to put in practicewhat we have learnt about this country, and whenever we visit it, we will be able to have a better notion of our surroundings and understand Scotland much better.

DATA ON LOCATION: Scotland is situated in the north of United Kingdom. Geographically, Scotland consists of 2 parts: “The Main land” and “The islands”. On the mainland, we can discern 3 clear landmasses: Highlands,Central Lowlands and Southern Uplands. Scotland has over 790 islands, divided into four main groups: Shetland, Orkney, and the Inner Hebrides and Outer Hebrides.

EXTENSION: The main land of Scotland comprises the northern third of the land mass of the island of Great Britain, which lies off the northwest coast of Continental Europe. The total area of Scotland is 78772 km(31,510 sq miles), itis 441 km(274 miles) long from North to South and varies in breadth between 39 km(24 miles) and 248 km (154 miles).

BORDERS: Scotland´s only land border is with England to the South which runs for 96 km(60 miles) between the basin of the River Tweed on the east coast and the Solway Firth in the west. The Atlantic Ocean borders the west coast, the North Sea is to the east and the North Channeland Irish Sea border with the southwest.

TOTAL POPULATION: According to the General Register Office, the total population of Scotland was 5,116.900 in June 2008, an increase of 1% more or less since the census of April 2001. Compared with the rest of Europe, Scotland has a low population density at 64 people per square kilometre. The majority of population live in the Central Lowlands,surrounding the chief cities of Glasgow and Edinburgh.


Geografía e Historia de los Países Anglófonos


KIND OF STATE: The Kingdom of Scotland was an independent sovereign state before 1 May 1707 when it entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England to create the United Kingdom of Great Britain. This union resulted from the Treaty of Union. Scotland´s legal systemcontinues to be separate from those of England, Wales and Northern Ireland and Scotland still constitutes a distinct jurisdiction in public and in private law.

HEAD OF STATE: Scotland´s head of state is the monarch of the United Kingdom, currently Queen Elisabeth II (since 1952). The title Elisabeth II caused controversy around the time of the queen´s coronation, as there had never been anElisabeth I in Scotland.

FLAG: The flag of Scotland is a white saltire, a crux decussate representing the cross of the Christian Martyr Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland, on the blue field. It is named the St Andrew´s Cross, also known as The Saltire. The Lion Rampant or Royal Standard of Scotland is the second flag associeted with Scotland. There are numerous other symbols and symbolic artefacts,both officials an unofficial, including the thistle, the national floral emblem.

NATIONAL COIN: The Pound Sterling, often simply called Pound, is the national coin of Scotland. The currency in Scotland is not different from the rest of the United Kingdom although Scottish banks print their own versions.


Geografía e Historia de los Países Anglófonos


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