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Afro-American people influence in
United State History

Rosa Parks:

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks born February 4, 1913. was an African American civil rights activist whom the U.S. Congress latercalled the "Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement." On December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks, age 42, refused to obey bus driver James Blake's order that she give up her seat tomake room for a white passenger. Park’s act of defiance became an important symbol of the modern Civil Rights Movement and Parks became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. Sheorganized and collaborated with civil rights leaders, including boycott leader Martin Luther King, Jr., helping to launch him to national prominence in the civil rights movement. From 1965 to 1988 sheserved as secretary and receptionist to African-American U.S. Representative John Conyers. . After retirement from this position, she wrote an autobiography and lived a largely private life in Detroit.In her final years she suffered from dementia and became embroiled in a lawsuit filed on her behalf against American hip-hop duo OutKast. Her death in 2005 was a front-page story in the United States'leading newspapers.

Martin Luther King, Jr:

Martin Luther King, Jr, Born January 15, 1929 was an American clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the African-American civil rights movement.His main legacy was to secure progress on civil rights in the United States and he is frequently referenced as a human rights icon today. He led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found theSouthern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, serving as its first president. King's efforts led to the 1963 March on Washington, where King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. There, he raisedpublic consciousness of the civil rights movement and established himself as one of the greatest orators in U.S. history. In 1964, King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for...
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